Account for the different goals of the Big Three Allied leaders at the Paris Peace Conference The Paris Peace Conference took place in 1919 to set the peace terms for the defeated Central powers. Three men took charge called ‘The Big Three’ and they were President Woodrow Wilson of the United States, Prime Minister David Lloyd George of Great Britain and George Clemenceau of France. The Conference was initially planned as a pre-meeting to set the terms of what they were going to ask from Germany, but the pre-meeting quickly became the meeting where the decisions were made because they each had different ideas about what the terms of the treaty should be.
“The Big Three” During the Paris peace conference (Fourth person isn’t important)
Clemenceau treaty was very harsh, He had one very simple belief and that was to bring Germany to its knees so that France would never be invaded ever again. So France wanted Germany broken up because Germany was right next to the border, Clemenceau wanted Germany to be pushed back the Rhineland (Although it was Rejected), Giving France a lot more land. France also wanted Revenge on the Germans of the damage and loses which were 300,000 houses destroyed and 8 million lives lost from the war. So Clemenceau Demanded a Treaty to weaken Germany as much as possible
Lloyd George didn’t want the treaty to be too harsh on Germany because Germany was trading with Britain before the war, so they just want them to be strong enough to keep on trading with each other. Didn’t also want Germany to seek revenge on them. But he still had to make the treaty tough enough on Germany to please the electors who wanted for Germany to pay, so he got them to lose their navy and their colonies because they were threat to the British Empire. Lloyd was also worried in case another war began. So Lloyd demanded a fair treaty that did not cripple Germany and Maintain British Empire and trading position Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson was an Idealist which he believed in peace and wanted a peaceful world, He did believe that Germany should punished from what they did, But he did believe he didn’t want the treaty to be too harsh on Germany so that they may not seek revenge later. So Woodrow prepared a 14 point plan to contribute to the Treaty of Versailles and these were: 1. No secret Treaties - there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. 2. Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime – Absolute Freedom of navigation upon the seas, also during peace and in war 3. Free trade between countries – Establishment of equality of Trade Conditions among all the nations 4. All countries to work towards disarmament - national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. 5. Colonies to have a say in their own Future – A free, open Minded and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims 6. German troops to leave Russia - The evacuation of all Russian territory 7. Independence for Belgium – Belgium must be evacuated and restored 8. France to regain Alsace-Lorraine - All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored 9. Frontier between Austria and Italy to be adjusted - A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be affected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality 10. Self-Determination for the people of Eastern Europe – the peoples of Austria-Hungary wish to see safeguarded and assured 11. Serbia to have access to the sea - Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea 12. Self-Determination for the people of the Turkish Empire - The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty 13. Poland to become an independent State with access to the sea - An independent Polish state should arise which should include the territories inhabited by...