World Intellectual Property Organization

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The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is a huge organisation, with a vast number of areas that could be discussed in this essay. Though there are numerous definitions of what the World Intellectual Property Organisation is, I will give a description of how I see the organisation. There is an immense history behind the establishment we see today, I will give an enlightenment of how this history took place. I will also discuss the aims and purpose WIPO and how it plays its part in the protection of the Intellectual Property and the people who unite with WIPO to ensure is delivers its services effectively and efficiently, I will also give a description of these essential services. To display the significance of the organisation I will discuss cases they have been involved in. And to get a greater idea of the inner workings of the organisation I will be giving details from an interview with the Director General. The Organisation:

The World Intellectual Property Organisation is an agency which is devoted to achieving an Intellectual Property system which helps protect innovativeness encourages creativity and looks after the public’s interests. Intellectual Property is “creations of the mind”. There are two types – Industrial property (e.g. patents, trademarks and designs) and copyright and related rights (e.g. books, movies and the rights of performing artists). Intellectual Property allows an asset, which is a creation of the mind rather than of physical substance (i.e. is intangible), to be owned and puts in place a system which entitles the creator(s) / owner(s) to benefit from its existence and therefore prevents others trying to pilfer the idea and pass it off as their own. The History:

There is a long history surrounding the organisation described above and this history began as early as 1883. That year saw the dawning of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. This was the first significant step in helping people get protection in countries other than their own in the form of rights referred to as Patents, Trademarks and Designs. Soon after this the Berne Conversion extended protection to novels, poems, songs, paintings and many other creative areas. The next development occurred in 1974 when WIPO became a dedicated agency of the United Nations system of organisations. Four years later in 1978, WIPO stretched its role by taking part in a cooperation agreement with the World Trade Organisation. Since then the organisation has introduced the WIPO Copyright Treaty 1996, which gives copyright protection to computer programs and the gathering of information which makes up Intellectual Creations and the Patent Law Treaty 2000, which was introduced with the hope of making the processes of national and regional parent applications more comprehensible. Objectives & Functions:

Today the World Intellectual Property Organisation has many crucial functions, these include the working together with the Member States to create laws and rules surrounding the Intellectual Property and to help assist in its development. WIPO is also responsible for ensuring that there are standards and methods among the Member States. The World Intellectual Property Organisation must also help the Member States to apply for patents and trademarks. The organisation also has four systems under which they organise the large amounts of information related to inventions, trademarks and designs. WIPO has an ‘Arbitration and Mediation Centre’ in which they help with Intellectual Property arguments/disagreements such as difficulties with Domain Names. In addition to this the aid governments in ensuring their national Intellectual Property laws and policies are sufficient to protecting the innovative individuals in their countries. They have initiated programs which offer help to Member States to aid in improving their Intellectual Property (IP) procedures and offer advice to them on their policies and laws. They are...
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