Workplace Inequalities and Gender

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Chapter 2

Name: Orlene Forrester
Professor: Stephen Braccio
Research Project: Workplace Inequalities and Gender
MGT 510

CHAPTER 2
Introduction:
Across the Unites States, it’s a basic human right to be free from inequality in the workplace, according to the United Nations, which states that workers have the right to be treated fairly and judged on their own merits and efforts in the work place. They are many forms of work place inequalities all with one common focal point, unjust tendency towards another human being. Work place inequality can be seen through gender discrimination, wage discrimination as well as discrimination base on educational attainment. Discrimination in the work place refers to a difference in treatment base on the personal characteristics on an individual, such as race or sex, irrespective to weather that individual’s profile matches the requirements of a particular job. The difference in treatment put such individual at a disadvantage or limits their access to benefits and opportunities available to other members of society. So it can be inferred in order to eliminate discrimination and achieve equality at work, it is important to understand what it is that needs to be eliminated and how it can be done. (Tomei Manuela, 2003)

The continued purpose this research study is to ascertain to what extent does workplace inequality continues to exist in today’s society base on gender, wages discrimination and educational backgrounds.

In recent years, researchers have begun studying patterns of gender economic inequality within a cross-national comparative perspective ( Blau and Khan 1995, 1996, 2000; Rosenfeld and Kalleberg 1990, 1991). The growing body of research on this issue has uniformly found that women are especially economically disadvantage in all countries. Nevertheless, the size of the disadvantage varies considerably across national labor markets (Gornick 1999; Orloff 2002; Rosenfeld and Kallebery 1990, 1991).( Mandel, Hadas; Semyonov, Moshe. American Sociological Review. Albany: (2005) “Family Policies, Wage Structures, and Gender Gaps: Sources of Earning Inequality in 20 Countries” )

Gender inequality in the work place is one of the most highly rated issues that have been publicly ringing through society for years. Along with vertical and horizontal inequalities, gender inequalities can be referred to as the obvious or hidden disparities among individuals based on their performance. In order to better understand the gender inequality we must first get to the root of the problem and understand the sociological factors that cause minorities, especially women to have a much more difficult time getting the same profits, wages and job opportunities as their male complements. The society in which we live in have been shaped historically by males for centuries. Historically, social inequality was harmonious in the sense of effective traditional legitimating and wide social acceptance. This change under the impact of the notion of ‘natural equality of men’ popularized by the French philosophers in the eighteenth century enlightenment movement. Since then, social equality has become the universal ideological aspiration of lower classes, strata, and minorities in all modern societies, and social conflicts have been seen as attempts to reduce privileges and redress social discriminations.( Social Equality and Inequality 2008. In Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict.)

Before the industrial revolution, most people worked in or near their homes, weather they were involved in farming or making clothes. But this situation changed when modern industry appeared in the late 19th century, which saw a drastic separation between home and the work place. Such separation affected the roles of females in the modern society despite progress over the last several decades where in the U.S., the labor force remains largely segregated along such gender guidelines. Many women have...
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