MRS SHAMI PAI,
VVM’S SHREE DAMODAR COLLEGE OF COMMERCE AND ECONOMICS,
The American Institute of Stress estimates that work- related stress costs American businesses about $300 billion every year in lower productivity, higher absenteeism, low turnover rate, alcoholism, and medical costs. Today, chronic work-related stress is not just an American affliction. In India, over half of the call centre employees feel so stressed out by the tough working conditions that they end up quitting. Stress is an adaptive response to a situation that is perceived as challenging or threatening to a person’s well being. Stress is a negative consequence of modern living. People are stressed because of overwork, job insecurity, information overload and the increasing pace of life. Hans Selye first introduced the concept of Stress into the life science in 1936. He defined stress as, “the force, pressure, or strain exerted up to a material object or person which resists these forces and attempt to maintain its original state.” The phenomenon of stress has become very common in the modern complex world. In the fast changing world of rapid technological advancement, more and more people are becoming victims of stress and this is true of people in all organization and at all levels. A study conducted by W.H.O. in 2001 reveals that every fourth person in the world is suffering from high level of stress, and by 2020, depression will be the world’s second largest cause for urban disease after heart ailments. The role of stress in everyday life therefore needs hardly to be over emphasized. Stress as well as its prevention and management has now become an integral and essential part of the modern life.
The following are the main objectives of the present paper:
* To identify the causes of stress among working women.
* To suggest the measures that can be adopted by employees and the employer to reduce stress. Methodology:
The paper is based on both primary and secondary data. The primary data is collected by using selective sampling technique on a sample size of 50 working women from Margao city of Goa.The secondary data is through reference books, journals, magazines, websites, etc. SCOPE:
The study involves workplace stress among working women in Margao City of Goa State. The study is based on the responses from the respondents which was collected through a questionnaire which included both open ended and closed ended questions. WORKPLACE STRESS:
Workplace stress can be defined as the physiological and emotional responses that occur when workers perceive an imbalance between their work demands and their capability and/or resources to meet these demands. Stress in the workplace is not a new phenomenon, but it is a greater threat to employee health and well being than ever before. Workplace stress has a negative impact on the business as well as the employees. Workplace stress may be caused by a complex set of reasons. Some of the most visible causes of workplace stress are Job Insecurity, high demand for performance, technology, workplace culture, personal or family problems, etc. Women may suffer from mental and physical harassment at workplaces, apart from the common job stress. This can consist of unwelcome verbal or physical conduct. The conceptual literature on stress suggests that working women are prone to the same stressors experienced by working men. Yet women are confronted with potentially unique stressors such as discrimination, stereotyping, social isolation, and work/ home conflicts. In addition, taking care of children and aging parents continues to be a source of stress to working women.
ANALYSIS OF DATA:
DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS:
20-30| 31-40| 41-50| 50&Above|
05| 15| 18| 05|