FACULTY OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY COURSE; BACHELOR OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT. COURSE UNIT; CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT(EST:223) TASK; ASSIGNMENT
LECTURER; Ms. KATHUNGU
SEMESTER; TWO, YEAR TWO
NAMES REGISTRATION NUMBER SIGN AGABA APHRA 11/U/7638/BMD/PD
NAKABUGO MARGRET 11/U/7727/BMD/PD
LUBEGA NORBERT 11/U/7705/BMD/PD
KALIFA MUHAMMAD 11/U/106/BMD/GV
TURYATUNGA DENIS 11/U/7781/BMD/PD
Discuss Uganda’s position in conservation management.
A conservation management system (CMS) is a procedure for maintaining a species or habitat in a particular state. It is a means whereby humankind secures wildlife in a favourable condition for contemplation, education or research, in perpetuity. It is an important topic in cultural ecology, where conservation management counterbalances the unchecked exploitative management of natural resources. Conservation management systems are vital for turning sustainable development strategies into successful operations. It can also mean The protection, preservation, management, or restoration of natural environments and the ecological communities that inhabit them. Conservation is generally held to include the management of human use of natural resources for current public benefit and sustainable social and economic utilization Conservation management implies the control of environmental and socioeconomic factors in order: * to make more efficient use of materials,
* to recycle materials and energy that are vital to human survival, * to restore derelict land
* and to maintain the capacity of ecosystems, which are the basis of all economies, to renew and grow. Over the years, particularly at a governmental level, conservation management has come to focus on biological resources such as: * Agriculture and pastoralism
* Tourism and recreation
* Genetic resources among other resources
The position of Uganda in as far as conservation management is concerned is best explained through the STATE OF ENVIRONMENT REPORTS FOR UGANDA. State of the environment reporting is a systematic acquisition, analysis and presentation of information on environmental conditions. It is a communication tool used to monitor and assess changes in the environment and provide information necessary to put in place “best practices” to manage the environment. These reports can be used to measure government’s or local government’s commitment to sustainability. Policy analysis from these reports can be used to promote environmental accountability, reflecting broad consensus on major environmental problems. After the 1992 Earth Summit, Uganda committed itself on the principles of sustainable development. By 1994, the National Environment Action Plan was in place which saw the development of the National Environment Management Policy 1994. One of the tasks spelt out in the Policy was to provide for an effective management system to facilitate the collection, storage, analysis and dissemination of environment information among others which lead to the production of the first report in 1994.
Therefore basing on the information obtained from THE STATE OF ENVIRONMENT REPORTS FOR UGANDA OF 2004,2007,2008 AND 2010, The natural resources were categorized into atmospheric resources, terrestrial resources among which included land resources, forestry resources, wildlife resources, mineral resources, the aquatic resources of which include wetland resources, water resources, fisheries, as well as the cross sectional resources which include energy resources, biodiversity as well as cultural...