Women Are Safe in India

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Detailed Solution Model Test 1 General Study Paper I
1. Bioasphalt is an asphalt alternative made from non-petroleum based renewable resources. These sources include sugar, molasses and rice, corn and potato starches, natural tree and gum resins, natural latex rubber and vegetable oils, lignin, cellulose, palm oil waste, coconut waste, peanut oil waste, canola oil waste, potato starch, dried sewerage effluent and so on. Bitumen can also be made from waste vacuum tower bottoms produced in the process of cleaning used motor oils, which are normally burned or dumped into land fills. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Fossil fueled power stations are major emitters of CO2, a greenhouse gas (GHG) which according to a consensus of scientific organisations is a contributor to global warming observed over the last 100 years. Brown coal emits 3 times as much CO2 as natural gas, black coal emits twice as much CO2 per unit of electric energy. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. A circular geosynchronous orbit in the plane of the Earth's equator has a radius of approximately 42,164 km (26,199 mi) from the center of the Earth. A satellite in such an orbit is at an altitude of approximately 35,786 km (22,236 mi) above mean sea level. It maintains the same position relative to the Earth's surface. If one could see a satellite in geostationary orbit, it would appear to hover at the same point in the sky, i.e., not exhibit diurnal motion, while the Sun, Moon, and stars would traverse the heavens behind it. This is sometimes called a Clarke orbit. Such orbits are useful for telecommunications satellites. A perfect stable geostationary orbit is an ideal that can only be approximated. In practice the satellite drifts out of this orbit (because of perturbations such as the solar wind, radiation pressure, variations in the Earth's gravitational field, and the gravitational effect of the Moon and Sun), and thrusters are used to maintain the orbit in a process known as station-keeping.warming. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Q: What is the current state of inflation in India? A: The inflation rate in India as measured by the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) has been rising continuously over the past three years. Inflation in food products has driven overall inflation. Q: The Central Government claims that food prices are rising in India due to higher GDP growth reflecting increasing purchasing power of the people and growing economic prosperity. Is this true? A: Food demand in an economy like ours naturally grows over time. In order to keep pace with population growth, food production also needs to grow. However, in India, food production and availability have not grown commensurately. In 2008-09, annual per capita cereal availability in India was only around 165 kg, which was that of the same level as in 2000-01. In contrast, per capita cereal availability in China was over 290 kg in 2008-09, and in the US it was over 1000 kg. Moreover, per capita cereal availability in India fell to 161 kg in 2009-10, despite high GDP growth. Therefore food consumption for the entire population is certainly not witnessing any rise. What is happening is that income and consumption growth is getting disproportionately concentrated within the top 10 to 15% of the population, who are benefiting from GDP growth. For the bulk of the Indian people, consumption levels are getting further squeezed. If 77% of the Indian population is spending less than Rs. 20 per head a day as per the Arjun Sengupta Commission report, one can well imagine what the consumption levels of the majority of Indians are.

Widespread hunger and malnutrition is the reality of India. India continues to be home to around 25% of the world’s hungry population currently estimated...
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