Being text of the 41st inaugural lecture of Lagos State University (LASU) delivered by Prof. Iyabo Olojede, professor of Public Administration on Tuesday, May 5, 2009 at the MBA Auditorium. INTRODUCTORY REMARKS
THIS inaugural lecture is the second from the Faculty of Management Sciences and the first from the Public Administration Unit of the Department of Industrial Relations and Public Administration.
My area of specialization is “Women and Public Administration” This is an area that suffers neglect in political and administrative studies. This area has experienced quite a lot of trivialization by male colleagues not only in Nigeria but also worldwide. It is important to state that any nation that ignores half of its population in the public policy process does so at its own peril. The challenge of this neglect has spurred this inaugural lecturer’s interest in the study of women and public administration. This has been zealously pursued from 1985 till date, using social sciences and feminist/gender techniques of analysis in researching issues related to women and public administration.
The topic of this inaugural lecture, “Women: the Neglected Force in Public Administration,” is a product of earlier and ongoing work on issues of women’s marginalization in the public realm. The lecture is divided into six parts, namely:
i) Stages of Development in Public Administration.
ii) Women and Political Citizenship in Nigeria.
iii) Women and the Practice of Public Administration.
iv) Barriers Hindering Women in the Practice of Public Administration.
v) Institutional Environment and Affirmative Policy to Enhance the Status of Women in Public Administration
vi) Strategies for Enhancing the Status of Women in Politics and Public Administration
Stages of Development in Public Administration
Universally governments exist to promote the welfare of the citizenry. Public administration is the vehicle by which governmental goals are achieved.
Public administration can be broadly defined as the development, implementation and study of branches of government policy. The ultimate end of public administration is to promote public good by enhancing civil society and social justice.
The free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/public_ administration) provides a classification of the various stages of generational development of Public Administration.
1. Classical: Plato and Aristotle were the major classical scholars and their works provided benchmarks for subsequent generations of public administration scholars. Before the emergence of a national state, the governors placed emphasis on moral and political dimensions of human nature. Attention was also focused on the structure and organization of the governing body. For example, in Machiavelli’s “The Prince”, European princes and governors were offered advice on how to administer their governments. This piece of work is one of the major and first western expressions of the methodology of government. As the centuries progressed, scholars and governments continued to explore as well as explain how rulers governed.
The development of European imperialism and its military exploits in other continents provided a stimulant for the development of conventional administrative expertise. In response to this need, King Frederick William I of Prussia, created professorates in cameralism.
Prussian universities, such as the University of Frankfurt an der Oder and University Hallewere, focused on economic and social discipline, with the goal of societal reform. From western perspective, classic, medieval and enlightened scholars formed the foundation of the discipline of Public Administration.
2. The first generation: This period covered the mid-19th century. Lorenz von Stein, a German Professor is considered as the father and founder of the science of public administration. During this period, public...