Why Transportation Is the Life Blood of Every Country

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ASSIGNMENT PRESENTED BY
ABDULAI ABDUL RAHIM
4379910

TABLE OF CONTENT
ContentPage
1.0 Introduction………………………………………………………………………1 1.1 Why Transportation is the Life Blood of a Country…………………………….1 1.2 Problems caused by transportation……………………………………………….3 1.3 How to Improve Transportation to Minimize Negative Effects………………….5 1.4 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………..…5 LIST OF REFERENCE……………………………………………………………...6

1.0 Introduction
Transportation is the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes that people use for transportation include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field of transportation can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations. Transport is important since it enables trade between peoples, which in turn establishes civilizations and it is for this reason that transportation is mostly seen as the engine and the life blood of many countries. A country cannot develop without a developed transport system. Development of transport facilitates utilization of natural resources lying unutilized in different hills, mountains, forests and mines. Transport system aid to send raw materials, fuel and machineries to different industries at right time and runs the industry to ensure efficiency in production. 1.1 Why Transportation is the Life Blood of a Country

Transportation is mostly seen as the life blood of a country because of the many roles that it plays in the general development of economies. Like many economic activities that are demanding in infrastructures, the transport sector is an important component of the economy impacting on development and the welfare of populations. When transport systems are efficient, they provide economic and social opportunities and benefits that result in positive multipliers effects such as better accessibility to markets, employment and many other investments. The impacts of transportation are not always intended, and can have unforeseen or unintended consequences such as congestion. Transport also carries an important social and environmental load, which cannot be neglected but it still remain an important component of the development of every country. This part tries to examine some of the influences and impacts transportation has in an economy such that it is accorded as life blood of every economy or a country. Firstly, transportation plays a major role in poverty reduction especially in developing countries and more specifically rural areas. Poverty is an undesirable situation and every nation aims at reducing it and this is also reflected in the millennium development goals. Transport infrastructure’s impact on poverty in several countries has demonstrated that transport projects, when designed with the poor in mind, have long-term effects on reducing poverty, empowering the poor, and benefiting the general economic and social well being of a country. In fact, transport infrastructure investment has long contributed indirectly to poverty reduction as channeled through economic growth of countries. Recent empirical studies provide considerable evidence to support the claim that transport infrastructure’s impact at the macro level to ensuring sustained growth in output, employment, and income that are prerequisites for achieving long-term poverty reduction (Aschauer, 1989; Fernald, 1999; Canning and Pereira, 2000 among others). However, apart from its indirect contributions to poverty reduction through increased economic growth, transport infrastructure has a direct contribution. For instance, road infrastructure is needed to correlate all growth generating sectors in different regions and achieve a better and wider distribution of the economic growth benefits. Roads connect the rural population to the economic mainstream of a country, thus making the poor better off through increased agricultural outputs and income, and improved living conditions. Better rural transport also allows farmers to...
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