Why Had International Peace Collapsed by 1939?
When Hitler came into power in 1933 he had three main aims. His first was to destroy the Treaty of Versailles. He believed that the treaty was unfair and it reminded him of Germanys defeat in World War One. Hitler promised he would abolish the Treaty of Versailles if he came into power. He wanted to expand Germanys territory as much of their land was taken away from them after World War One. Hitler wanted Austria to join Germany and for German minorities in other country’s like Czechoslovakia to rejoin Germany. Hitler hated communism because he believed it helped bring the defeat of World War One and that they wanted to take over Germany so he wanted to get rid of it. Hitler was very much against the Treaty of Versailles so he decided not to follow it at all. He reversed the Treaty by announcing the construction of a new air force and introduced conscription in order to form an army. He wanted to increase the army to 500,000 men; this was completely against the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the Stresa Front was formed. The Stresa Front is the coalition of France, Britain, and Italy formed in April 1935 at Stresa, Italy, to oppose Hitler’s announced intention to rearm Germany, which violated terms of the Treaty of Versailles. In 1935 the Anglo German Naval Agreement was signed. This was signed between Britain and Germany and Britain signed this without consulting Italy and France. Therefore, The Stresa Front Collapsed. It was easier for Hitler to come into power when Japan invaded Manchuria. Manchuria was always known as part of China but Japan owned the South Manchurian railway. In 1931 officers of the Kwantung Army of Japan staged an explosion on the railway line, near Mukden. This became known as the Mukden incident. Japan blamed China for this and Japan then invaded. The League of Nations issued an investigation and in 1932 the Lytton Commission blamed Japan. However, some members of the league...
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