What Were the More Significant Threats to the Stability and Survival of the Weimar Republic in the Years 1919 – 1923?

Topics: Weimar Republic, Germany, Treaty of Versailles Pages: 4 (1313 words) Published: January 6, 2013
What were the more significant threats to the stability and survival of the Weimar Republic in the years 1919 – 1923? The right wing of German politics in the early to mid-20th century contained mainly industrialists and white collar workers, who mostly all had instinctive ambitions for a return to a more autocratic German state as oppose to the newly formed Weimar Republic, for whom they had a particularly ambivalent attitude. The left wing was also almost entirely committed to class struggle and revolution, subsequently and obviously hostile to the new Republic. After the war ended on 11 November 1918, it was vital that the new Germanic society was reconstructed carefully. With peace declared and the Kaiser gone, the most important task facing Chancellor Ebert was to ensure political stability. However, the parties in Ebert’s government were divided on the best way for this reconstruction to take place. The new government faced threats from the left and right. In December 1918 a group of revolutionaries, known as the Spartacists, broke away from the USPD. Led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, their aspirations were radical. With the nationalisation of all large-scale industries and for all farms to become the property of a “fair state”, they hoped for the abandonment of the election for the new National Assembly and all power transferred to workers and their councils. In short, they wished to provoke a revolution, and this is an obvious threat to a fresh, vulnerable administration. This threat was quickly recognised by Ebert, and he rushed to ensure defences were in place. A disgruntled military, which had their previous chief, the Kaiser, abdicated, were in no position of guaranteed influence in the new Republic. However, they resumed that influence after Ebert promised the army supplies and protection of its status against the armed workers’ militias, while in return the army promised to put down revolutionary activity with damning force. On 1 January...
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