Weekly Summaries of Psychology

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Psychology Week Summary 1

What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist? A psychologist has a broad range of interests (larger than a psychiatrist). They mainly fall into 2 groups; - those who are involved in teaching and research - and those who can normally be found practicing psychology in communities, public/private agencies or in a private practice. A psychiatrist is a medical practitioner who has completed a medical degree before they can specialise in the diagnoses, treatment and prevention of the mental illnesses and emotional problems.

Definitions to remember.
Cohort - A group of people who are roughly the same age.
Qualitative methods - uses data which is displayed in words and letters. Quantitative methods - uses data which is displayed in the form of numbers. Histogram - a graph that shows the frequency distribution.

Confidentiality.
- Psychologists have to take responsible steps in order to protect the confidentiality of information after they lead a specific work setting, or they stop providing psychological services. - Psychologists can only breach confidentiality when either 1) you have permission from the client or a legal guardian who acts on behalf of the client. 2) if there is a legal obligation to do so.

3) if there is an immediate risk of harm to an identifiable person or persons which can only be averted by giving out the information.

Psychologists try to avoid unnecessary innovations of privacy in the collection on information. This includes collecting only relevant information to the service being provided.

Ethical Principles ands Research.
Beneficence & Nonmaleficence - reflects maximising the benefits and minimising the potent harmful effects of a study. (involves a risk-benifits analysis.) Autonomy - reflects upholding respects for people's dignity and worth and their rights to privacy, confidentiality and self-determination when participating in a study. Justice - reflects...
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