COM/150 Effective Essay Writing
Week 9 Day 7 Final Expository Essay
November 7th, 2010
Gay Rights Expository Essay
Even though some people believe that being homosexual is a choice made by an individual either as a way to rebel or as a perversion, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender community (LGBT) deserve the same rights that heterosexuals are entitled to. Rights such as the right to be married in more than just a few states and the right to openly serve in the military without the fear of being discharged. Lately there have been several news stories that involve the LGBT in some way, the biggest being the teens that committed suicide because of bullying in school or over the Internet. It is stories like these that make a person wonder if there will ever be a day that the LGBT are accepted or at least be left alone to live their own lives as they are. So many people are being discharged from the military because the word got out that they are homosexual, including officers that have been in the military for years. This should not be allowed to go on. These men have literally been risking their lives for years for no reason but pride in their country and they are discharged because they are seen unfit to serve the country. Gay rights is a big topic in the United States right now and is the main focus of this expository essay.
The LGBT community deserves the same rights that everyone else is entitled to. According to research, in 1779, Thomas Jefferson proposed a law on any gay man or gay woman that, if broken, would mean the men would be castrated and the women's nose cartilage would be mutilated (Head, 2010). The U.S. Supreme Court finally put a stop to laws like these after enforcing them for 224 years (Head, 2010). In 1951 the first national gay rights organization was founded, but because of the times it was too dangerous and not to mention illegal so they had to meet in code (Head, 2010). In 1969 the gay rights movement really accelerated, after raiding a gay bar in Greenwich Village and arresting employees and drag performers the NYPD got more than they bargained for, a crowd of more than 2,000 gay, lesbian, and transgender supporters of the bar took on the police and forced them into the bar which caused a three-day long riot. Since then there have been several presidents and businesses that have "come out" as supporters of gay rights. There were states that started to let gays get married and some that started to then took it away such as California recently.
One would think that of all the rights that should automatically be given to the LGBT, the right to openly serve in the military would be at the top. However, that isn't the case. Many men and women have been discharged from the military for simply being proud of who they are. Some of whom served in the military for years, risking their lives to keep America safe. America's history has had several different policies when it comes to homosexuals in the military. Before World War II there were no written policies against homosexuals serving in the military, except that sodomy was thought as a crime by military law ever since the Revolutionary War times (Powers,2010). However, during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, homosexuality was defined as a mental defect and all homosexuals were barred from serving based on medical problems (Powers, 2010). In 1982 the Department of Defense actually came out saying that "homosexuality was incompatible with military service," in a DOD directive causing nearly 17,000 men and women to be discharged during the 1980s (Powers, 2010). By the end of this decade, several homosexuals of the military publically came out and challenged their discharges through the legal system and by the beginning of 1993 it appeared that the military's ban on homosexual personnel would soon be overturned (Powers,2010). After a long debate and congressional hearings President...