Associate Level Material
Open-Book Philosophy Quiz
After reading this week’s required readings, take this open-book philosophy quiz. Answer the following questions in paragraph form. This is a short-answer worksheet, not an essay composition.
1. What is philosophy? Include a brief description of the different branches of philosophy According to our reading this week, philosophy comes from the Greek philein, which means “to love,” and Sophia, which means “knowledge” or “wisdom.” The Greeks thought of any person who sought knowledge in a particular field, were philosophers. What I perceive philosophy to be is knowledge of something backed up by reasoning. Webster’s Dictionary explains philosophy as “the study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life, etc.” The different branches are Metaphysics, which deal with questions like, what is being? What are its fundamental features and properties is there a god? Another branch is Epistemology which is the theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with these questions: what is the nature of knowledge, and what are its criteria, sources and limits. Another branch is Moral Philosophy also known as Ethics and the philosophical study of moral judgments. Another branch is Social Philosophy which is the philosophical study of society and its institutions. Another branch is Political Philosophy which focuses on the state and seeks to determine its justification and ethically proper organization. The final is Aesthetics which is the philosophical study of art and of value judgments about art.
2. What is an argument?
An argument is when you support a position by giving a reason for accepting it.
3. Identify which of the following statements are arguments and which are not. Explain your answer.
a. God exists.
b. I grew up in a religious family, therefore I believe God exists. c. God exists, because something must have created the universe.
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