Max Weber’s study of bureaucracy look for develops a historical and sociological account of the rise of modern organizations. (Linstead et al.2004 p130). He used an ideal type to analysis appear of the bureaucracy form of organization. The ideal type, according to Weber, is a tool used to identify the characteristics of social phenomena such as bureaucracies. The ideal type is used by Weber to make a distinction from other forms of organization (Linstead et al.2004 p130). The Prussian Church, Army and Civil Services are the examples of this bureaucratic form. Also, Weber saw a power instrument of the first order, and the bureaucracy as embodying a powerful combination of knowledgeable calculable basis, and the power case would dare the bases of democracy (Nicos 1975 p38). So it is worth to explore Weber’s theory, this essay will describe the principal characteristics of the Weber “Ideal Type” bureaucracy, the roles of power and authority as well as discussion of the bureaucratic form of organization. In order to achieve these, objectives are taken as below. Firstly give the introduction to ideal type bureaucracy; Secondly, by giving the relation between power and authority as well as studying three major kinds of authority, then roles of power and authority in this model can be explored. Flow this is the critical discussion of strengths by studies McDonald’s case as well as the weakness. At last give the conclusion and the limitations of this essay. 2 Weber’s “Ideal Type” bureaucracy
2.1 Introduction to “Ideal Type” bureaucracy
Weber’s ideal type of bureaucracy is the start point and the main source of promethean fire for many students of organization. At the same time it has been the focal point of criticism. (Nicos P. et al. 1975 p38-39) Generally speaking, it is important to analyze and criticize it in some detail and should pay more much attention; meanwhile it is a conceptual...