Weapons of Mass Destruction

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1. Date of submission_________________________________________

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Weapons of mass destruction

Name of the Teacher: Ms Suman Gautam
Submitted by: Kapil Kalra
Class / Section: IX-B
Roll No. : 18
Session : 2010-2011

Delhi Public School,
Dwarka, New Delhi


I would take this opportunity to thank form the bottom of my heart, many people who supported me unconditionally throughout the preparation of this project. I am especially thankful to my family who inspired and guided me throughout.

List of contents

1. Introduction

2. Types of WMDs
a) Chemical
b) Biological
c) Radiological
d) Nuclear

3. Countries possessing WMDs

4. The lethal effects of using WMDs
5. Consequences of using WMDs

6. Conclusion
Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD)

A weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is a weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans (and other life forms) and/or cause great damage to man-made structures (e.g. buildings), natural structures (e.g. mountains), or the biosphere in general. The meaning and definition of “weapons of mass destruction” (WMD) continues to evolve over time and with technology. Though the phrase was first used in a Times article in 1937, referring to a saturation bombing during the Spanish Civil War, the first administrative use of the term came when the UN established the Atomic Energy Agency in 1946. Originally referring only to atomic weapons, through treaties and international conventions WMD has come to include all types of nuclear, biological, chemical, and toxic weapons. Today an exact definition of WMD is nonexistent, varying by place and policy. However, in general WMDs are broken down into the following four categories of weaponry: chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN). Types of WMDs

1. Chemical Warfare

2. Biological Warfare

3. Radiological Warfare

4. Nuclear Warfare

Chemical warfare

The first major use of chemical weapons in modern times came when Germany launched a large-scale poison gas attack against French troops on the battlefield of Ypres in 1915. Allies responded with their own chemical weapons. By the end of the war, chemical warfare had inflicted over 1 million casualties, of which around 90,000 were fatal. Hydrogen cyanide and carbon monoxide were used by the Germans to murder millions of people in extermination camps during World War II.During the Vietnam War, the United States used tear gas and several types of defoliants, including Agent Orange.

The 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibits "the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare." But it didn't prohibit the manufacturing and stockpiling of these weapons. About 40 countries ratified the protocol. More than 140 nations signed the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993, which bans the development, production and possession of chemical weapons. Nonetheless, a number of nations are believed to have the weapons....
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