Ways of Forming Words

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  • Topic: Word formation, Word, Affix
  • Pages : 2 (478 words )
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  • Published : March 20, 2013
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WAYS OF FORMING WORDS

Compounding is the word formation process in which two or more words combine into a single new word. Compound words may be written as one word or as two words joined with a hyphen.

Shortening is the word formation process in which a word is reduced or shortened without changing the meaning of the word.

Blending is the word formation process in which parts of two or more words combine to create a new word whose meaning is often a combination of the original words.

Affixing is the word formation process in which a prefix, suffix or infix attaches to the base form of a word to create a new word.

Back-formation is the word formation process in which an actual or supposed derivational affix detaches from the base form of a word to create a new word. (SIMPSONS EXAMPLE: BILLBOARD FOR ‘TONIGHT – WRITERS ON WRITING, TOMORROW – JANITORS ON JANITING’)

Conversion is the word formation process in which a word of one grammatical form becomes a word of another grammatical form without any changes to spelling or pronunciation.

Abbreviation is the word formation process in which a word or phrase is shortened. Intialisms are a type of abbreviation formed by the initial letters of a word or phrase.

Acronyms are words formed by the word formation process in which an initialism is pronounced as a word.

Eponyms are words formed from the name of a real of fictitious person.

Coinage is the word formation process in which a new word is created either deliberately or accidentally without using the other word formation processes and often from seemingly nothing.

Borrowing is the word formation process in which a word from one language is borrowed directly into another language.

Calquing is the word formation process in which a borrowed word or phrase is literally translated from one language to another.

Commonisation is the process of a product’s brand-name becoming the generic term for that product. Here are some examples of...
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