Was the Reichstag Fire the Main Reason Why Hitler Was Able to Establish a Dictatorship in Germany by 1934?

Topics: Nazism, Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler Pages: 3 (1019 words) Published: January 16, 2013
In 1934 Hitler moved in to take supreme power of Germany and was able to establish a dictatorship. I agree that the main reason why Hitler was able to do this was because of the Reichstag Fire in 1933. There were many other reasons other than this such as the Enabling Act, the banning of political parties and trade unions and finally the Night of the Long Knives. The Reichstag fire was the most important why Hitler was able to establish a dictatorship. On the evening of the 27th of February 1933, the Reichstag building was destroyed by a huge fire caused by a Dutch communist supporter called van der Lubbe who was caught at the site of the fire with matches and firelighters. He was put on trial and was then executed after being found guilty of doing it. Hitler used this opportunity to plan an attack against the communists. This was the excuse the Nazis needed. Hitler persuaded Hindenburg to declare a state of emergency by saying that Van der Lubbe was part of a communist conspiracy against the government. I think that the Reichstag fire was the most important reason because it allowed Hitler to have a reason to end Communism and gave him the idea to increase his power. This reason was more important than the Enabling Act because without the Reichstag Fire, there wouldn’t have been an election in 1933 meaning not enough seats for the Nazi’s which couldn’t enable Hitler to pass his new Enabling Act. It practically set forward a chain of events. Although the Reichstag Fire was the most important reason, I think that the Enabling Act was also important in enabling Hitler to establish a dictatorship. The Enabling Act was an act that changed the structure of the Weimar Republic. The full name of the acts was the Law for the Removal of the Distress of the People and Reich. It was just a plan that gave the right for Hitler to make laws for four year without the consent of the Reichstag. It was then renewed in 1937 which meant he could make laws for another four years....
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