War Crimes

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 131
  • Published : March 18, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview

RESEARCH PROPOSAL

1. INTRODUCTION

This paper is critically assess the settlement of the laws related to the corruption. Corruption at this context simply means misuse of public office for private gain.

According to Black law dictionary [1] corruption means the act of doing something with an intent to give some advantage inconsistent with official duty and the rights of others

Now are the Tanzanian laws settled to ensure that there is free corrupt society so that to create better environment and good governance in the public offices in Tanzania

1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

There are many unsolved problem in Tanzania , but the issue of upsurge of corruption is troubling. The notion of the fight against corruption in Tanzania can be traced from the colonial era whereby during the the colonial time several legislations was enacted to combat the corrupt practises which existed then. Among other things legislations enacted to combat corruption include the penal code of 1938[2] , the second peanl code of 1945 and prevention of corruption ordinance (PCO) of 1958

The 1958 ordinance re enacted and expanded corruption offences that was contained in the penal codes

Soon after independence in 1961 the new Tanganyika government had no any other law which could be used to combat corruption which insteady adopted the prevention of corruption ordinance of 1958 to continue the fight against corruption

In may 1971 the prevention of corruption ordinances was repealed and replaced by prevention of corruption Act (PCA) which later on led to the establishment of the anti- corruption squad (ACS) of 1974 due to the amendment of tha Act

Anti- corruption squad changed its name to Prevention of Corruption Bureau (PCB) the changes which resulted from the amendment of the prevention of corruption Act (PCA) of 1991 and those changes led to the establishment of its offices at the rigional level and even district level which is different from the time of anti- corruption squad where it exercised its function from Dar es Salaam.

On 1st july 2007 the prevention of coruption Act (PCA) repealed and replaced by the prevention and combating of corruption act (PCCA). The new act is independent as per section 5(2)[3] therefore it can prevent ,investigate and combat corruption and any related offences as per section 7[4] and also this act established the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB) which replaced the former existed bureau which was Prevention of Corruption Bureau (PCB)

Tanzania has done alot of effort on enacting the laws purpoesly to curb corruption this include the prevention and combating of corruption act , no 11 of 2007 , the economic and organized crime act cap 200 , the public leadership code of ehtics cap 398 , the national election act cap 343 of 2010 , the anti- money laundering act of 2007 and ratified a number of external obligations like African Union on prevention and combating corruption and relaeted offeneces, East African Association of Anti – corruption Authorities (EAAACA) of 2007 and International Convention such as the United Nations Convention against corruption (UN CAC) of 2003 also can be reflected under article 27(2) of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977 as amended time to time . Apart from all this laws corruption is still a problem in public offices in Tanzania

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Tanzania has various laws and regulations to curb corruption in public offices. Despite the ratification and enactment of these laws the partinent issue is that corruption is still a burning in public offices. This research therefore intends to examine why coruption continues to exist in public office

3. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

• To establish transparency , accountability and good governance in public offices

• To addrss the public the consequences of corruption in public...
tracking img