Zone of proximal development
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Zone of Proximal Development)
In the middle circle, representing the zone of proximal development, students cannot complete tasks unaided, but can complete them with guidance. The zone of proximal development (in Russian: зона ближайшего развития), often abbreviated ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help. It is a concept introduced and somewhat developed by Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934) during the last two years of his life. Vygotsky stated that a child follows an adult's example and gradually develops the ability to do certain tasks without help. Vygotsky's often-quoted definition of zone of proximal development presents it as the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers Vygotsky and other educational professionals believed education's role was to give children experiences that were within their zones of proximal development, thereby encouraging and advancing their individual learning. "The zone of proximal development defines functions that have not matured yet, but are in a process of maturing, that will mature tomorrow, that are currently in an embryonic state; these functions could be called the buds of development, the flowers of development, rather than the fruits of development, that is, what is only just maturing"
Contents [hide] * 1 Origins * 2 Development * 3 Understanding ZPD * 4 Layman’s Terms * 5 The Diagnostic Capabilities and Limitations of Indirect Collaboration * 6 See also * 7 References| -------------------------------------------------
The untimely death of Lev Semenovich Vygotsky...