Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth- 19 Years.

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Task 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth- 19 years. Development can be defined simply as: ‘A significant event, occurrence or change’. (www.thefreedictionary.com) When relating to a child, this development can be measured through several social, physical, emotional and intellectual milestones. Development by children usually occurs at similar stages with roughly the same pattern, however, each child will develop at varying rates and so it is important to analyse each area of development for each individual child in order to discover whether their development is occurring evenly across all areas. Key areas of development involve physical development (which includes movement, motor skills and eye hand co-ordination), social and emotional development such as relationship building, social skills, decision- making, feelings and the development of self-confidence and intellectual development which involves developing the skillset for understanding information, processing information, memory development, reasoning and logical thinking patterns. Research has shown that a child’s development can be divided into roughly four age ranges. Between the ages of 0-3 years a child will have developed basic physical skills, social and emotional connections and the foundations of intellectual and language development. As a guide by the age of 6 months an infant will be able to turn their heads towards sounds and movement, recognise familiar faces and voices, look and reach for objects, hold and play with objects and place everything in their own mouths. Socially and emotionally an infant of up to 6 months shall be able to respond to familiar faces and sounds, smile, show affection and associate with simple games such as peek-a-boo. Intellectual and language development can be reflected through imitating others, developing self-confidence in their own abilities (aided by an adult), make a variation of sounds to reflect their mood and recognition of their carers face by imitating facial expressions, in particular mouth movements. In order to meet an infant’s needs parents and carers should encourage and pay attention to what an infant is trying to say, have patience and awareness and introduce varied visual experiences. Between the age of 6 months to a year a child’s physical skills will have generally developed so that they can crawl, sit unaided, pull and push against objects, turn their heads to look around them, raise their arms, lift and study objects and begin to associate food with their mouths. Socially and emotionally between this age range a child will begin to show emotional connections through affection to their carers and will enjoy social company and games with others. Intellectual and language development will be reflected through making four to five various sounds in response to sounds they hear, they will respond to feelings by crying or squealing in excitement and they may also show their response by laughing or giggling. By the age range of one year to two years there are more noticeable milestones particularly within a child’s physical development. The majority of children will begin to crawl and eventually learn to walk unaided. They will enjoy pushing and pulling objects, feeding themselves, sit upright unaided, begin to show preferences to one hand , bang objects together, crawl upstairs, point to objects and also begin to develop their motor skills with regards to gripping objects with their fingers and thumbs and stooping downwards to pick up objects. In relation to a child’s social and emotional development at this age group, there will be indications of the child wanting to play alongside other children and the desire to please adults, particularly in front of an audience. The child will also begin to exhibit signs of feeling distressed, anxious, cautious or frightened, especially when within new environments or surrounded by new faces. Furthermore, it is common...
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