Vitamin C and Collagen

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INTRODUCTION

What is collagen ?
Collagen is a group of naturally occurring proteins found in animals, especially in the flesh and connective tissues of mammals. It is the main component of connective tissue, and is the most abundant protein in mammals. Collagen, in the form of elongated fibrils, is mostly found in fibrous tissues such as tendon, ligament and skin, and is also abundant in cornea, cartilage, bone, blood vessels, the gut, and intervertebral disc. Certain collagens found in skin tissue are essential for skin strength and elasticity. Over time, this collagen breaks down, causing skin to lose its suppleness and begin to wrinkle and sag. (Perumal, S. et.al., 2008) There are many types of collagen fillers like Bovine collagen, Autologen, Isolagen and Dermalogen. (Tholpady A. et.al., 2011) Dermalogen is human collagen. (Bailey J.B. et.al., 2001) While Bovine collagen implants are temporary fillers and their use has been associated with major adverse side effects. Approximately 3% of patients experience an allergic reaction to injected bovine collagen with development of circulating antibodies to the foreign material. Therefore, skin testing is no guarantee of compatibility. (Gilchrest B.A. et.al., 2006) What is vitamin C ?

Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid or L-ascorbate is an essential nutrient for humans and certain other animal species. (Sebastian J. et.al., 2003) Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin that is necessary for normal growth and development. It aids in collagen production and reduces fine lines & wrinkles. Collagen loss and disorganisation is part of the process of ageing, leading to skin sagging and wrinkle formation. On the other hands, vitamin C may include protection against immune system deficiencies, cardiovascular disease, prenatal health problems, eye disease, and even skin wrinkling. (Zelman K.M. et.al., 2011) Vitamin C is needed for the growth and repair of tissues in all parts of your body. It is used to form an important protein used to make skin, tendons, ligaments, and blood vessels. It also heals wounds and form scar tissue. On the other hand, vitamin C helps to repair and maintain cartilage, bones, and teeth. (Evert A. et.al., 2011) What is collagen plus vitamin C injection ?

Collagen often injected together with vitamin C. This injection is good for : 1) Fairer and flawless complexion to the skin
2) Look younger than actual age and maintain
3) Increase immune system
4) Increase health level (Joan D. 2008)
3
DISCUSSION
Nowadays, beauty is such a perfection especially among ladies. They become obsessed to look beautiful and they are willing to spend a lot of money just to beautify themselves. Collagen plus vitamin C injection is the common medical treatment done by actors and singers. To them, being physically beautiful will increase their popularity as this the source of their daily income. They are willing to bear the pain for two weeks or more as long as they have flawless skin and sharp noses as well as voluptuous lips just like Angelina Jolie. Vitamin C aids in collagen production which is the supporting tissue of skin, bones, and ligaments. Vitamin C reduces the appearance of acne blemishes, reduces pore size and improves skin texture. While, collagen can provide a great texture, resilience, and appropriate shape to fill in depressions and wrinkles. Benefits of collagen plus vitamin C injection.

Since everybody will develop varying levels of wrinkles with age, collagen injections have proven to restore a more youthful and smooth appearance by filling in the lost skin tissue and wrinkles. Vitamin C is injected together with the collagen for skin whitening. Skin appears fairer, smoother, more radiant and supple.

Collagen plus vitamin C injection removes fine lines and wrinkles. (Duffy D. et.al., 1998) As women get older, changes occur in the skin. Fine lines and wrinkles may start to show around the eyes and mouth. Collagen plus vitamin...
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