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Virginia Henderson

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VIRGINIA HENDERSON
November 30, 1897-March 19, 1996

Table of Contents

I AUTOBIOGRAPHY
A. Achievements
B. Contributions
C. Publications

II HERDERSON’S THEORY BACKGROUND

III. THE 14 BASIC HUMAN NEEDS

IV. HENDERSON’S THEORY AND THE 4 METAPARADIGM OF NURSING
Individual
Environment
Health
Nursing

V. ANALYSIS
Simplicity and Clarity
Derivable Consequences
Empirical Precision
Generality

VI REFERENCES

I AUTOBIOGRAPHY
Virginia Avenel Henderson was described in so many names. Some called her “The Nightingale of Modern Nursing”. Others named her as “Modern-Day Mother of Nursing” and “The 20th Century Florence Nightingale”. She was born on November 30, 1897 in Kansas, Missouri and was the fifth of eight children of Daniel Brosius Henderson and Lucy Minor Abbot..

 The Henderson family moved to Virginia in 1901, where Miss Henderson grew into adulthood. In 1918, she entered the Army School of Nursing in Washington, DC, and in 1921, she received her nursing diploma. She worked at the Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service for 2 years after graduation. Henderson, very much wanted to teach nursing, therefore accepted her first instructor position in 1924 at the Norfolk Protestant Hospital in Virginia. 

In 1934 and for the next fourteen years, she remained at Teachers College, Columbia University where she joined the teacher's faculty and earned her Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts degree in nursing education.

 In 1953, Henderson accepted a research associate position in Yale University School of Nursing. The project was designed to survey and assess the status of nursing research in the United States. From 1959 to 1971, Henderson was funded to direct the Nursing Studies Index Project. The result of the project was the publication of the four-volume Nursing Studies Index, the first annotated index of nursing research. Henderson had now deserved the title of research associate emeritus at Yale University. At 75 years of...