Violence Against Women-an Issue of Human Rights

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PAPER ON
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN-AN ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS

By
Ms Shabana Kesar
Asst. Professor
Department of Women Education
Maulana Azad National Urdu University

Mailing address : Department of women education, MANUU,
Gachchibowli, Hyderabad, 500032.
E-mail ID: - sabasuri@gmail.com

Paper- Violence against women[VAW]-An issue of Human Rights
Synopsis:-
Introduction
issue of human rights
VAW a health & social issue
Dimensions & causes of violence
VAW a global & Indian scenario
Failure to safeguard women’s human rights
Best practices & strategies to be adopted to combat VAW
Conclusion
Introduction:- Violence affects the lives of millions of women worldwide in all socio-economic & educational classes. It cuts across cultural & religious barriers, which impedes women to take full participation in the society. One of the greatest barriers to women’s economic advancement is violence that women have to face routinely. Not only does such violence impede women’s ability to live full & productive lives, it also hampers their contributions to family, society & economic development. VAW is one of the most visible consequences of economic, social, political, legal & cultural inequalities that exist between men & women. It is perpetrated by legal & political systems that have historically discriminated against women. VAW is partly a result of gender relations that assumes men superior to women. Given the subordinate status of women, much of the gender violence is considered normal & enjoys social sanction. The family & its operational unit is where the child is exposed to gender differences since birth, & in recent times even before birth, in the form of sex-determination tests leading to foeticide & female infanticide. The home, which is supposed to be the most secure place, is where women are most exposed to violence. Deaths of women are extreme outcome of ill treatment, physiological abuse, or physical violence, suffered by women. On the other h&, domestic violence suffered by women on a regular basis in the form of psychological or physical abuse goes unreported. Very rarely do women themselves file police cases against the ill treatment meted out to them. A few women who escape death end up in shelter home, but the majority continues to live in marital bond & endure abusive behavior. & also attempt to address the issue of VAW have been lopsided & short sited for example the dowry prohibition act, which was passed in 1961 & amended in 1984 & 1986, emphasizes marital violence in the context of dowry only, while inadequate dowry may be one of the underlying causes of harassment of women. Immediate shortcomings, negligence or failure in performing duties expected of wives or daughter in law also leads to violence. These causes may reflect the deep-rooted gender inequalities that prevail & persist in most regions of India.. VAW is a Human Rights issue:- The Declaration on the Elimination of VAW is the first International human rights instrument to exclusively & explicitly address the issue of VAW. It affirms that the phenomenon violates, impairs or nullifies women’s human rights & their exercise of fundamental freedoms. The Declaration provides a definition of gender-based abuse, calling it “any act of gender–based violence that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life”. The definition is amplified in article 2 of the declaration, which identifies three areas in which violence commonly takes place: •Physical, sexual & psychological violence that occurs in the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the household, dowry-related violence, marital-rape, female genital mutilation & other traditional practices harmful to women, non-spousal violence & violence related to exploitation. •...
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