Fakir Mohan University , Balasore , Odisha
(ABSTRACT:-Human rights are very much essential for the development of the personality of both men and women. But in the district of Balasore human rights of women of late are being violated at an increasing rate. The objective in this article has been to highlight statistically this increasing rate of crime against women. Different crimes against women have been mentioned in this piece of research work with specific data relating to the district of Balasore. The researcher has narrated several case studies from his own experience and this makes the article very much relevant for grappling with the problems faced by the women inhabiting the district of Balasore . Several causes for the increasing rate of crime against the women have been analysed. Suggestions to check the deterioration in the violation of women’s rights have been recommended . Police officials can not absolve themselves of responsibility of the failure to control the crime rate. It is important to implement the existing laws properly for the protection of human rights of women. However only the laws are not enough. The moral rules which are on the wane need to be restored . The civil society has major role to play in this regard.)
(Key words:- violation, indoctrination, trafficking, exploitation, sexual harassment)
Human rights are not merely ideals and aspirations or they are some rights granted to us by the existence of particular set of laws . They are claims made by virtue of the fact that we are human beings with inalienable right to human dignity. Plano and Olton have stated that “human rights are those rights , which are considered to be absolutely essential for the survival, existence and personality development of a human being” .(Biswal,2006). But these rights are threatened from all corners of the world today. Violation of human rights are not simple act of violence by individuals or groups. Human rights are violated even by unlawful acts. Nations can also be the party to violation of human rights by spreading cross border terrorism. These violations also can take place in different developmental models whether capitalist, socialist or democratic . Violation of human rights of women can take specific forms . Entrenched structures and practices such as caste, customary laws , the family, religion etc , continue to discriminate against women. Economic institutions which are exploitative of women, social institutions which oppress them or legal institutions which pride themselves on equal justice are gender biased and clearly distort gender notions of law.
Presently the research scholar is working under the guidance of Prof. (Dr.) Shyam Sundar Acharya , Professor of political Science, Post Graduation Department of Social Science, Fakir Mohan University, Balasore for his Doctoral Degree . The gender violence is a universal phenomenon which takes many forms across culture , race and class. Violence against women can be viewed as any action , policy or attitude which any way is a violation of their personhood or which dehumanize them. Woman is considered only as the symbol of tolerance, patience and sacrifice .They have been subjected to exploitation through centuries. Exploitation can be both a fact and value. Our traditional scriptures are such that women are socialized not to object to the exploitation by the male counterparts. Thus the exploitation of women goes on smoothly. Because of their lack of awareness, economic deprivation, cultural indoctrination and political subordination women continue to languish in misery. OBJECTIVE: -
Against this background of exploitation and violation of human rights of women in general the objective of this research paper is to find out the forces and factors...