Chapter No Chapter HeadingPage (s)
IIIDiscrimination Against Dalits 12-31
IVDalit & Education 32-36
VDalit Women: Greater Dalits Among 37-42 Dalits
VIImpact of Legislation 43-50
VIIOverview and Conclusion 51-62
VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS DUE TO SOCIAL DISCRIMINATION
“ Man did not enter society to become `worse’ than he was before, not to have fewer rights than he had before, but to have those rights better secured. His natural rights are the foundation of all his civil liberties.’’
1.Human Rights grow out of the feeling of injustice which human beings experience in their life when their humanity is abused and denied. Human Rights are generally defined as the rights every human being is entitled to enjoy and to have protected by the state. In a broader connotation, Human Rights introduce the idea of justice in the natural order of the world thereby giving human existence a higher sense of purpose.
2.Although there are differences in race, sex, language and colour, yet these differences do not change the said rights. There 2
may be a difference in property, social origin, political ideas and religious beliefs but everyone is born with human rights regardless of who he is and to which community he belongs. Every one has a right to be protected by the State and People.
3.Human rights are integral to every human being and is the basis for human life and its development and thus incorporated in the constitutions of every civilized state. In view of this a major breakthrough was achieved by the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations on 10th December 1948.
4.The Declaration states that human beings are “born free and have equal dignity and rights” and are therefore entitled to all the rights and freedom, set for in the declaration without distinction of any kind such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other states.” The declaration concludes that everyone is entitled to social and international order in which these rights and freedom may be fully realised.*1
5.Today, the world commemorates fifty years of Universal Declaration of Human Rights which reaffirms faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the individual and in the equal rights of men and women. They also express a determination to promote social progress and better standard of life in the larger freedom. Although the right to liberty and security of person is universally recognised, an estimated 120 million people have been killed in this century both in peacetime and in armed conflict. The toll of economic injustice and deprivation is no less horrendous. Poverty and iniquity become threats to human rights by restricting human development. Slavery is banned in international law. Yet some 200 million people are held in conditions amounting to slavery, including some 100 million children existing through back-breaking labour, prostitution and begging as well as adult bonded labourers.
6. The visible scenario gets further complicated in India, for apart from the violation listed above, citizens continue with their age old mode of discrimination based on identities defined and derived out at birth. We have large incidents of cases where dalits 4
are not provided access to public places, forced into bonded labour, paraded naked for refusing to do traditional occupations, dalit women forced to become prostitutes for upper caste...