What is Violence against Women?
Violence against women has been defined as any act of gender based violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women including threats of such a kind or deprivation of liberty whether occurring in public or in private life. What about Violence against women in Bangladesh?
Violence against women in Bangladesh has largely been aggravated by certain socio-cultural factors such as lack of gender equality, lack of awareness and knowledge about right, poverty, low educational level, women's position in the family and cultural taboos regarding violence and rape. The consequences of rape and fairly recent form of violence - acid throwing- have a serious impact on the victim's position in the society and her life, her chances of marriage and her ability to maintain a decent life. The socio-cultural context of violence in Bangladesh: Well Known risk factors of violence and sexual assaults are prevalent in Bangladesh, among other illiteracy poverty and lack of education. Very few women are aware of their rights. From available research and other documents it is clear that violence against women in Bangladesh is a grave problem. However, this understanding has done little to redress the devaluation of women in the Bangladeshi culture. The general attitude is reflected in the lack of will to assist women effectively when they seek help.
Media reports, records from the police, courts, and hospitals reflect that incidences of abuse against women are alarmingly on the rise. Each year more and more cases are reported to agencies set up to intervene in cases of violence against women.
Rape, burns, battery, homicide, acid attack, abduction, trafficking are all seen to be on the rise every year. The general increase in media focus as well as activism by women's and human rights organizations however have created greater public awareness resulting in more frequent and open discussions leading to more attention to possible solutions of the problem. The consequences of violence: Violence against women has short and long term impact on both physical and mental health of victims. It affects not only women's own lives and productivity, but also those of other family members, especially children. Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world and its estimated prevalence rate of violence against women is extremely high which, in turn, is ‘an obstacle to the achievement of equality, development and peace” (Johnson et al., 2008, p. 16) Due to a lack of reliable base-line surveys, the exact number of women affected by violence is unknown .However, non-governmental organization (NGO) reports indicate that Bangladesh has one of the highest rate globally despite advancements of Women`s Rights and a strong history of women’s movements. Deeply embedded in cultural and socio-economic practices, violence against women is sanctioned by both society and the state, in the name of culture, tradition and Islamic religion. How it recognized?
Recognizing violence against women as a violation of Human Rights is a significant turning-point in the struggle to end violence against women globally (UNIFEM, 2003). A human rights perspective broadens the definition of violence against women and “focuses attention on discrimination and inequalities that are maintained or tolerated by the state and that increase women`s vulnerability to violence” (Johnson et al., 2008, p. 4) Violence against women has been recognized as an Human Rights issue since the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, which established that “human rights of women and of the girl-child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights” (VDPA, Part I, para. 18).
What are the consequences of that?
A number of consequences have been found to be associated with intentional violence, such as: * Pelvic Infection
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