Vice President

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Vice President of India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Vice President of India is the second-highest office in India, after the President.[2] The Vice President is elected indirectly by an electoral college consisting members of both houses of the Parliament. The Vice President would ascend to the Presidency upon the death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations leading to the vacancy in the Office of President. The normal function of the Vice President is to serve as theChairman of the Rajya Sabha. The current Vice President of India is Hamid Ansari, since 11 August 2007, and re-elected on 7 August 2012 with the appointment by the President of India Pranab Mukherjee. -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Powers and duties
[edit]Acting President of India
The Constitution provides that should "there occur a vacancy in the office of the President by reason of his death, resignation, removal or otherwise, the Vice President shall act as President until a new President is elected and enters upon his office" (Article 65(1)). After 1957,as per revised protocol the second highest post in India is of vice president which previously belonged to the prime minister of India. If the vacancy is going to be caused by a regular expiration of the term of the President, elections have to be completed before the term expires. Even if there is a brief interregnum owing to a delay of the elections, the President shall continue to hold office until his successor enters upon the office (Article 56(1)c). Thus the Vice President would ascend to the Presidency only under extraordinary circumstances such as: 1. Death of the President

2. Resignation of the President
3. Removal of the President by impeachment
4. Invalidation of the election of the President by the Supreme Court Under such extraordinary circumstances, a Presidential election must be held no later than six months from the date of occurrence of the vacancy. In the interim, the Vice President is empowered by the Constitution to act as President. Apart from a permanent vacancy, there may also arise a temporary vacancy due to the President's inability to perform the duties of the office. The Constitution provides that the Vice President shall discharge the functions of the President during temporary absence of the President, illness, of any other cause by which the President is unable to discharge his functions. The inaugural Vice President of India Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was himself the first Vice President to discharge the functions of the President, when the then President Dr. Rajendra Prasad was away from the country for fifteen days on a tour to the Soviet Union in 1960. V. V. Giri was the first Vice President to serve for an extended period as Acting President of India (from May 3, 1969 to July 19, 1969) when the then President Dr. Zakir Hussain died while in office. When V. V. Giri resigned to contest for Presidential elections, the Chief Justice of India Mohammad Hidayatullah briefly acted as the President. [edit]Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

The Vice President also serves as the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha (Council of States).[3] Thus, apart from holding the executive position of successor to the President, the Vice President also serves the legislative role of Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. This unique duality is not shared by any other Commonwealth Country, and was borrowed from the Constitution of the United States.[3] Constitutionally, the Chairman is empowered to preside over the meetings of the Rajya Sabha.[4] He is empowered to adjourn the House or to suspend its sitting in the event of absence of quorum. Members who wish to resign from the House shall submit their resignations to the Chairman, who may use his discretion to reject the resignation if he is satisfied that such resignation is not voluntary or genuine. Under the Tenth Schedule to the...
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