Topics: Population, Demography, Population ecology Pages: 4 (1143 words) Published: November 1, 2012
Benefits and challenges of Urbanization


University Of Phoenix

In this paper I will be explaining the four factors that produce a change in the population as well as urbanization. Urbanization is moving from a rural area to a big city in hopes of better opportunity or employment along with many other benefits. Urbanization may seem like a good idea to those trying to better themselves but it has challenges in the city people may face. I will be providing you with current or historical events that may be a benefit or a challenge of urbanization.

Factors that may produce urbanization and a change in population are the birth rate and death rate. Emigration and immigration are the other two factors that produce urbanization and the change in the population. The reason birth rate produces a change in population due to a person added to the population size. This makes one more person to add to our population when a child is born. If the growth rate is more than zero than the population size increases (Hager&Hassenzahl, 2011, ch.7). Birth rate produces urbanization because people want to be able to raise their children with employment or a career you may find in urban cities. Death rate produces population change because it decreases the population size. When a person dies it takes from the population size and produces a change in the population. Death rate produces urbanization in cities due to the poverty level and diseases as well as health hazards. The growth rate of a population is the birth rate minus the death rate in cities (Hager&Hassenzahl, 2011, chp.7).

Emigration changes the population size to decreasing the population. Decreasing the population of the countries in which the individual may have left. Emigration produces urbanization because one might leave the country in which he or she originated to go to another country for better opportunities. Immigration changes the...
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