Running head: UNIX VERSUS. WINDOWS NETWORKING
UNIX Versus Windows Networking
Anthony Gowin, Steve Groff, James Mahan, Manny Garcia
University of Phoenix - Tulsa, OK.
Introduction to UNIX
November 24, 2009
UNIX Versus. Windows Networking
A Comparison of the file processing of Linux and Windows.
The definition of a process in computer lingo is a program in the state of execution (Unix Intro, 2009). Windows and Linux make use of memory differently to accomplish these tasks. Comparing the two is much like comparing apples to oranges. Windows has been dominating for many years in the desktop market, in which Linux/Unix systems have dominated the supercomputer market. The main reason for these slants in markets is the general mission’s of each operating system, or OS. Each OS has a different focus pertaining to stability, ease of use, cost, versatility, profit, and customer support. Organizational needs are the biggest deciding factor when choosing the best OS for organizations needs. Windows has been the OS with which most schools teach and therefore seems like the obvious choice. However, as many organizations have come to realize, Windows is not very stable and it has some difficulty in handling multiple task at the same time. The designs of the Windows operating systems exist around a pleasant and easy to navigate and use graphic user interface, also known as a GUI. The use of the GUI makes locating programs, applications and files quite easy, but at what cost. Memory allocation is necessary for all this ease of use and pleasant appearance. Each time the user logs on to the system, memory allocations are required. The random access memory, RAM, is pre-loaded with the user’s preferred settings. This uses vital memory that could ultimately enhance file processing. This bogs down in the RAM and leads to slower processing times when the user calls for multiple programs or files. Windows is memory hungry and requires most if not all the systems RAM to work. Windows has remained popular because of its ease of use by the average person. Linux/UNIX has remained mostly true to its roots as an open-source OS. This means that any person who has the ability and knowledge can develop free applications. With Linux/Unix, each generation of programming extends instead of replacing old programming. This allows new and old systems of UNIX to be compatible. Linux/UNIX Operating Systems typically do not have a GUI for the user to use. This makes navigating in the OS a little difficult for the novice user. This requires the user to become virtually an expert to use UNIX based systems. Some GUI makers have designed interfaces to ease the use of these systems, though true hardcore UNIX users still use strictly use the command prompt. The lack of a GUI interface is one of the reasons that UNIX systems are typically faster than the Windows counterparts are. Because the startup process for UNIX systems does not have to pre-load a user’s desktop with its pleasant view and shortcuts allows UNIX to allocate more RAM to the processes called upon. With RAM so readily available in UNIX Operating Systems, file processing happens at a much quicker rate. This availability of RAM also allows the user to run multiple jobs, programs, and processes at the same time without slowing the user’s job running in the foreground. UNIX Operating Systems do not require large amounts of memory to be available, allowing older CPU’s with small amounts of memory to be usable. In comparison of the two Operating Systems, the user and his or her organization have to decide what is best for all. Each OS has its advantages and disadvantages in reference to file processing. If the company has a focus on speed of processing information, UNIX Operating Systems like Linux maybe the way to go. If the organization is not as concerned with speed or is highly dependent on the GUI to allow ease of use, then Windows...
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