University of Phoenix Material Appendix D

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University of Phoenix Material

Appendix D

Part I

Define the following terms:

|Term |Definition | |Ethnic group |Being a member of an ethnic group, especially of a group that is a minority within a larger society. | |Anti-Semitism |Discrimination against or prejudice or hostility toward Jews.   | |Islamophobia |An irrational fear or prejudice towards Islam and Muslims. | |Xenophobia |A fear of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange. | |Persecution |The act of persecuting. | |Religious group |Individuals involved with or employed in religious denominations or organized religious groups such as | | |churches. |

Part II

Select at least 1 religious and 1 ethnic/racial group not your own from the list below.

• Religious groups (based on http://religions.pewforum.org/pdf/affiliations-all-traditions.pdf)

o Christianity

• Evangelical Protestant
• Mainline Protestant
• Historically Black Churches
• Roman Catholic
• Latter-Day Saints (Mormons)
• Jehovah’s Witnesses
• Orthodox (Greek, Eastern)

o Judaism (Orthodox, Conservative, or Reform)
o Buddhism (Theravada or Mahayana)
o Islam (Sunni, Shia, Sufism)
o Hinduism

• Racial/Ethnic groups (based on divisions in U.S. Census Bureau documents)

o Asian (Asian descent)
o Black (African descent)
o Hispanic and Latino (South or Central American descent) o Pacific Islander (Polynesian descent)
o White (European descent)

Part III

Answer the following questions in 150 to 250 words each about the religious group you selected:

• How does your selected religious group differ from other religious groups (such as in their beliefs, worship practices, or values)?

Buddhism is so different from other religions that some people question whether it is a religion at all. For example, the central focus of most religions is God, or gods. But Buddhism is non-theistic. The Buddha taught that believing in gods was not useful for those seeking to realize enlightenment. Instead of teaching doctrines to be memorized and believed, the Buddha taught how we can realize truth for ourselves. The focus of Buddhism is on practice rather than belief. The foundation of Buddhism is the Four Noble Truths. The Truths are: The truth of suffering (dukkha) the truth of the cause of suffering (samudaya) the truth of the end of suffering (nirhodha) the truth of the path that frees us from suffering (magga) by them, the Truths don't seem like much. But beneath the Truths are countless layers of teachings on the nature of existence, the self, life, and death, not to mention suffering. The point is not to just “believe in” the teachings, but to explore them, understand them, and tests them against one's own experience. It is the process of exploring, understanding, testing and realizing that is Buddhism.

• What has been the experience of your selected religious group with others that do not share its beliefs or practices? I chose Buddhism simply because it seems like more of a philosophy than a religion, and many would argue the same point. Meditation is a major part of this religion and is actually quite therapeutically good for you. It is an ever expanding source of knowledge as opposed to other religions that just tell the same story over and over. It is about becoming enlightened and not worshiping gods as most other religions do. Those who argue that...
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