Unit 4- Life Factors

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Life factors and predictable and unpredictable life events
I will be talking about the life factors that can influence a person’s holistic development, and the unpredictable and predictable events that can happen through a person’s life.

Genetic:
Genetic is the branch of biology that deals with inheritance, especially the mechanisms of inherited transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms. Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is one of the UK's most common life-threatening inherited diseases. It is caused by a faulty gene that controls the movement of salt and water in and out of the cells within the body. Cystic Fibrosis affects the internal organs, especially the lungs and digestive system, by clogging them with thick sticky mucus. This makes it hard to breathe and digest food. If two carriers have a child, the baby has a 1 in 4 chance of having Cystic Fibrosis. Each week, five babies are born with Cystic Fibrosis and each week, two young lives are lost to Cystic Fibrosis. A the moment half of the CF population will live past 41 years of age, and improvements in treatments mean a baby born today is expected to live even longer. Cystic fibrosis is transferred from the parents through genes. Caucasians (white European) are more common to be a carrier of CF. There is three types of screening for Cystic Fibrosis: newborn screening, carrier testing and antenatal testing. New born testing

The test is a heel-prick to sample blood as part of the normal Guthrie test carried out on all children. The sooner CF is diagnosed, the sooner appropriate treatment can begin. Carrier Testing
They will take a simple mouthwash to determine if you are a carrier. This is important if a relative has CF or is a known carrier. It is very important to have the test if one of the partners is a known carrier. Antenatal Testing

This test is used early in pregnancy to tell whether a baby has Cystic Fibrosis. It is normally offered to mothers who are recognised as being at a high risk of having a child with Cystic Fibrosis. Implications are miscarriage and premature labour. Other tests

Other tests for Cystic Fibrosis are the sweat test (people with CF have more salt in their sweat, which can be detected) or a genetic test, which is a swab taken by gently rubbing the inside of the cheek to check for the search of the faulty CF gene. Cystic Fibrosis is an unpredictable life event, because there is still the chance of a child with a gene defected mother to come out totally healthy. Cystic Fibrosis will affect a person in various life events. Cystic fibrosis causes a build of thick mucus in the lungs and when the thick mucus builds up, it gets stuck in the airways, which causes problems. When this happens:

* Breathing passageways become blocked and air can’t get through. * The lungs, nose and sinuses will get infected because of the growth of bacteria in the mucus collection. * In some CF patients nasal polyps may develop.

Reproductive Organs
Cystic fibrosis affects the reproductive organs of men and women differently. Men: are almost always infertile because the thick secretions in the sperm canal cause a blockage that prevents sperm from getting through. Women: are often able to conceive but may have decreased fertility because of thick cervical mucus blocking the entry of sperm.

Loneliness – When someone can’t do the same things that their friends are doing, go to the same places, and they have overprotective parents, it can take a toll on somebody. Many parents, in an attempt to protect their children from the outside world, keep their children inside the house and in their direct supervision at all times. While doing this it is understandable that the parents are just trying to keep their kids healthy, it can make the cystic fibrosis sufferer feel alone. Parents should make sure that their children have fun but safe activities to do with their friends. They can’t keep them...
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