Unit 3

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E1/E2 – Five pieces of current legislation and how they influence the working practice in the setting. Children Act 2004
The child act 2004 set out the national framework for delivering children’s services, and identifies the Every Child Matters five outcomes for children and young people, which all professionals must work towards. It is designed to ensure that different services for children and young people work more effectively together and receive the best support possible. The Government's aim is for every child, whatever their background or their circumstances, to have the support they need to: * be healthy – allowing children to grow and develop as well as catering to their emotional and physical well-being * stay safe -

* enjoy and achieve – allowing the child to enjoy learning and achieve to the best of their ability * make a positive contribution
* achieve economic well-being

Disability Discrimination Act 2005
Disability Discrimination act means that it would be illegal for a setting to make reasonable adjustments to accommodate those with a disability, both children and the parents. This act doesn't just mean physical disability it also includes mental impairment which would have a long term effect on a person's ability to perform day-to-day activities.

Equality Act 2006
The Equality Act enforces equality legalisation on age, disability, health, gender, race, religion, belief and sexual orientation. The equality and human rights will replace the following commissions: Disability rights commission, equal opportunities commission and the commission for racial equality. The equality act 2006 influences working practices in many ways. It informs that all practice towards children should be done so that they are to be treated fairly and equally no matter what race, age, gender or background the children come from.

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006
This act came into force in autumn 2008. This act was designed to make sure that all adults working with children and other vulnerable groups are vetted which means having a Criminal Record Bureau check, this is not just in childcare organisations but also in other organisations like junior football clubs. This act is also designed to cover adults who work with vulnerable adults such as those who may have learning difficulties of maybe even a nursing home.

The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995 RIDDOR requires work related accidents, incidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences to be reported.

E3 – How policies and procedures help with safeguarding children All settings will have policies and procedures in place which clearly underline the practice all staffs in the setting should use to help safeguard the children from harm and danger. “Safe guarding is the process of protecting children from abuse or neglect, preventing impairment of their health and development, and ensuring they are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care that enables children to have optimum life chances and enter adulthood successfully.” www.safeguardingchildren.org.uk ” Safeguarding has been defined as:

* All agencies working with children, young people and their families taking all reasonable measures to ensure that the risks of harm to children's welfare are minimised; and * Where there are concerns about children and young people's welfare, all agencies taking appropriate actions to address those concerns, working to agreed local policies and procedures in full partnership with other local agencies. http://www.charitycommission.gov.uk Policies and procedures are a written document that shows how legislation is put into practice in the setting. There are a number of policies and procedures that may be implemented in the setting, all which vary from setting to setting and help to safeguard the children. “If you are an employee this is a legal...
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