Development of Nation-States and Nationalis
ly in 1861. These events can be broken down in five stages: Pre-Revolutionary, Revolution
and divide up the territory conquered up by Napoleon. In its negotiations, the congress ret
with a republican form of government. Mazzini brought the campaign for unification into the mainstre
anded more rights from their respective government, the cause orthern Italy.
g in 1849.
r tackled and succeeded in making this dream into a reality. Italy
Camillo di Cavour
azzini and Garibaldi. In Cavour’s view, unification needed a strong state to lead, namely P
avour’s Policy and the Role of Piedmont
ble to unite Italy in a short time.
leon III showed favor to a liberated and united Italian peninsula. To seal the deal of this pa s wanted to join Piedmont under one nation. Both of these events alarmed Napoleon III b
ry campaigns that led eventually to the formation of a unified Italy. He generally tri
Garibaldi’s Campaign in Southern Italy
hey occupied Sicily within two months and already Garibaldi was setting his eyes on mainland Italy. army bypassed Rome and the remaining Papal States and marched south, Garibaldi would surprise
Creation of the Italian Kingdom
opportunity arrived and Venetia was annexed in 1866. That opportunity was the Seven Weeks' War b ome voted to join the union and in July 1871, it became the capital. r, Garibaldi, and Mazzini became the founding fathers of a nation and were immortalized.