December 17, 2012
Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 at the family home in Atlanta, GA. He graduated high school at the age of fifteen and entered Morehouse College shortly after. In 1948 King received his BA in sociology from Morehouse College at the age of nineteen. In 1951 he received a degree from Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, PA. also he enrolled in the Boston University Ph. D program.
In 1953 King married a New England Conservatory music student name Coretta Scott and eventually has four children. In 1954 King becomes the minister of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, AL. King received his Ph. D in systematic theology from Boston University. At age twenty-six Martin Luther King, Jr. lead a boycott of segregated Montgomery buses and gains a reputation. In 1956 his house is bombed and the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling prompts the desegregation of Montgomery buses.
Martin Luther King, Jr. helped to found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957. King wrote “Stride Towards Freedom” in 1958 about the bus boycott. In 1959 King visited India to study civil disobedience and nonviolence. In 1963 he was arrested and jailed during an anti-segregation protest in Birmingham.
King wrote “Letter From Birmingham City Jail” arguing that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws. He also delivered his “I Have A Dream” speech during the March on Washington which was attended by more than two-hundred thousand protesters. In 1964 King published “Why Can’t We Wait” and congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawing segregation in public accommodations and discrimination in education and employment. Also in 1964 Martin Luther King, Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1965 King and the SCLC join the voting-rights march from Selma to Montgomery. Congress passes the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which suspends (later bans) literacy tests and other restrictions to prevent...