How Did the Civil Rights Movement Develop After 1961?

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Even after 1961, people still continued to campaign for equal rights and freedom for the black Americans. At that time, the equal Civil Right system drawn attention to the new president, John F Kennedy and on 11 June 1961, he declared to support the black Americans for their equal rights. People concluded that the only way that they can win their freedom was to empower ordinary people, thus they also started to campaign for the proposed civil rights bill and voting right.

Martin Luther King played a major role in leading the civil rights movement and desegregation. In April 1963, King organized a march in Birmingham, Alabama a city that was still separated by race even though 6 years have passed from the Montgomery decision on desegregation. This march was purposely chosen to be located in Birmingham to catch attention of people all over US on how unfair the innocent blacks were treated. Not surprisingly, Bull Corner- the police chief in Alabama obliged. Over 1000 protesters were arrested by the police and put into jail including Martin Luther King. While he was in jail, he wrote “Letter from Birmingham”, which later became one of the most important documents recorded in the civil right movement period.

On May 1963, President John F. Kennedy persuaded the Governor in Alabama, George Wallace to release all the protesters. Sadly that year on November, President Kennedy was assassinated and Lyndon Johnson was replaced. Lyndon Johnson was the one who signed the civil rights act on July 2 1964.

The summer of 1964 was named ‘Freedom Summer’ as the civil rights act claimed it was illegal to segregate, racially discriminate areas such as employment and houses. With the momentum from the Civil Rights Act, Martin Luther King then, encouraged black Americans to register votes. 20 months later, more than 430,000 black Americans registered to vote.

In August 1963, Martin Luther King prepared a march in Washington D.C with over 200,000 blacks and 50,000 whites to...
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