Understanding the Suicide Determinants Among Asian International College Students in the Us

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Understanding the suicide determinants among Asian international college students in the US

Abstract

Suicide is among the top 20 leading causes of death globally for all ages and it is reported that college students have higher rate of suicidal intention than those who did not go to college. This study focuses on suicide intentions among 8 Asian international students in US colleges. The themes that came out of the data were: (a) language barrier, (b) being homesick (c) breaking up relationships, (d) Low GPA, and (e) high expectation from parents. Since language barrier was their biggest problem, the study recommends intensive English language training prior to the students’ departure to the US and another intensive language course when the international students arrive. Also, colleges and universities should organize socialization events for the international students and their American classmates to enable them interact with each other.

Introduction

Suicide is among the top 20 leading causes of death globally for all ages. Every year, nearly one million people die from suicide. Previous research has shown that college students report a higher rate of suicidal intention than those who did not go to college (Schwartz, & Friedman, 2009).

International students from Asian countries are a growing population in US colleges, and keeps growing every year. Asian international students constitute more than 63% of international enrollments at institutions of higher education in the United States (Institute of International Education, 2012). Whereas the prediction of the adjustment of this population to their new home is important, few studies have addressed this issue.

This proposed study focuses on suicide intention among Asian international students in US college because study shows that people from Asian show significantly higher intention of suicide than other international students. In fact, the CDC has reported that, in 2002,...
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