1.1 Explain the functions of assessment in learning and development.
In order to be able to explain the functions of assessment in learning and development, it must first be understood what is meant by assessment.
The dictionary definition of assessment is "The evaluation or estimation of the nature, quality, or ability of someone or something."
Fenton (1996) describes assessment as "the collection of relevant information that may be relied on for making decisions."
Assessment is carried out in order to show that learning has taken place. It measures the learner's knowledge, capability and skills in their particular area of learning. Assessment encourages learners to ask questions at anytime when there are elements they have not fully understood. This is because they know they have to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding in relation to the standards and criteria laid out by the awarding body. If a training session has been delivered and no assessment has happened then you cannot be sure learning has occurred. If you do not assess the learners you cannot know of their skills, knowledge or competencies.
A learner also needs guidance to understand what exactly they have to learn, if they are on track and how they can improve. Assessment is essential in order for this to happen effectively. Various methods of assessment will need to be employed to ascertain whether learners have met the required standards, if they are competent in and around the work place and also to assess current and previous knowledge and skills. Assessment tends to be either formative or summative.
The aim of formative assessment is to monitor student learning and provides the learner with ongoing feedback. It is used by assessors to improve methods of instruction and it helps learners understand there strengths and areas which they may need to improve. An example might be to ask a learner to write...