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Un Reform

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  • April 24, 2013
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IT IS THE TIME FOR THE REFORM IN THE UN
1. Introduction
Reform of the United Nations (UN) is a hotly debated issue nowadays in the UN. Among those so many academicians and politicians, maybe the loudest voice comes from Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, demand for reform in the structure of the UN because of the ineffectiveness of the UN on certain issues, including humanitarian intervention in some countries or dealing with the issues related with economic crises, climate change and others. This paper claims that UN’s reform is necessary in order to enhance the UN’s global effectiveness as a multilateral organization and strengthen its credibility. However, there are some different points of views. According to Idealist view, it is a great opportunity for change and improvement. On the other side from the realist perspective, permanent five members (P-5) of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members are further likely to slow down the reform process considering that this process does not fit with their interests. In this state of affairs, the UN, especially the UNSC, has some stalemates with the issues that concern whole humanity and major part of the world is of the opinion that UN should be reformed and this should not take so much time. In this paper I would like to talk about the UN system in today’s world, it is effectiveness and some arguments on the UN reform process. 2. Why the UN needs a reform?

The UN was founded in 1945 after the World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. The UN consists of some organs, but most important bodies of it are the General Assembly (GA) and the UNSC. The GA is the primary organ of the UN and all 193 member states have equal representations. The other, maybe the most controversial, organ is the UNSC. According to the UN’s Charter, the...