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Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Western Europe (ca 1589-1715)

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The Palace of Versailles Louis XIV, the “Sun King” Oliver Cromwell

This will be the Golden Age of the Netherlands and France. The kings of France, England and Spain claimed loyalty of their subjects, monarchical power added up to something close to sovereignty, sovereign in power within their boundaries. In the period between 1589 and 1715, two basic patterns of government emerged in Europe: absolute monarchy (examples - France and Spain) and the constitutional state (examples - England and the Netherlands). Almost all subsequent European governments have been modeled on one of these patterns.

Chapter 16 Assignments:
1. Complete Reading Outline I: Absolutism. Read pages 532-534 (8th Ed.) or pages 531 –532 (6th Ed.). • RO due Monday, October 3, 2011.
• Things to think about while completing your RO:
a. What is absolutism?
b. What social and economic factors limited absolute monarchs? c. Look at the illustration on page 539 (Page 540 in the 6th Ed.) titled The Spider and the Fly, read the caption and analyze. 2. Complete Reading Outline II: Constitutionalism: England, pg. 548-555 (6th Ed. 548-554). • RO due Wednesday, October 5, 2011.

• Things to think about while completing your RO:
a. Compare Elizabeth I, the last Tudor, to the Stuart kings, especially James I and Charles I b. Understand how religious and political discontent caused the English Civil War. c. Compare and contrast the writings of Thomas Hobbes’ The Leviathan (1651) to John Locke’s Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690). d. Describe Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth.

3. Complete Reading Outline III: Decline of Spain. Read pages 544-548 (6th Ed. pg. 545-548). • RO due Friday, October 7, 2010.
• Things to think about while completing your RO:...
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