Types of Administration

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FATIMA JINNAH WOMEN UNIVERSITY

COMPARITIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

“TYPES OF ADMINISTRATION”

Submitted to: Ms.Aliya
Submitted by:
Rida Zahid
Ramsha Aslam
Maheera Naveed
Marium Rasheed Butt
Dur-e-Sameen Durrani

Dept: BPA VI
Date: 21st march 2013

Types of administration

What is administration? ....................................................................pg3 Two sectors………………………………………………..………..pg4 Central Government....................................................................…...pg5 Relationship between centre, periphery and local administration…pg6 Scale of territorial levels…………………………………………….pg7 Models of Administration…………………………………………...pg9 Models of Public Administration Reform…………………………..pg14 Comparison of three models……………………………………..…pg17 Critical analysis…………………………………………..…………pg18 Conclusion…………………………………………………….……pg20 References……………………………………………………….….pg21

INTRODUCTION:

Administration:
Administration is defined as the act of managing duties, responsibilities, or rules.  An example of administration is the act of the principal in the school managing the faculty and staff and employing the rules of the school system. Or

The definition of administration refers to the group of individuals who are in charge of creating and enforcing rules and regulations, or those in leadership positions who complete important tasks.  An example of administration is the President of the United States and the individuals he appoints to support him. Types of administration:

TYPES OF ADMINISTRATION

Types of administration VOLUNTARY ADMINISTRATION
CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION

Central Administration: 
It is the leading body or group of people, and the highest administrative department who oversee all lower departments of an organization. In most cases, a school or school district will have a leading group of people as a part of Central Administration. The people in central administration must have leadership skills.  Voluntary administration:

Voluntary administration is designed to resolve the company’s future direction quickly. An independent and suitably qualified person (the voluntary administrator) takes full control of the company to try to work out a way to save either the company or the company’s business. If it isn’t possible to save the company or its business, the aim is to administer the affairs of the company in a way that results in a better return to creditors than they would have received if the company had instead been placed straight into liquidation.

The two basic sectors:
Public and private sectors

Private sector:
The private sector is that part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the state. Public sector:

The part of the economy concerned with providing basic government services. The composition of the public sector varies by country, but in most countries the public sector includes such services as the police, military, public roads, public transit, primary education and healthcare for the poor. The public sector might provide services that non-payer cannot be excluded from (such as street lighting), services which benefit all of society rather than just the individual who uses the service (such as public education), and services that encourage equal opportunity.

Functions of administration department in any sector:
The job of an administration department varies from government to private business, but the overall, the intended purpose is the same. On the government level, the purpose will vary from state to state or federal, but common duties include supporting the governor by helping to manage the state budget, job creation, economic stability and similar are the case in private sector that the main purpose is the same so basically the administrative department has to support...
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