Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity Pages: 3 (1155 words) Published: December 15, 2013
Tad Sherman
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Essentially the same disease, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes share many different attributes as to when and how a person is diagnosed and methods of treating the disease. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have some similarities in the way they are treated and diagnosed as well as some differences in treatment and diagnosis. Type 1 diabetes is the less common of the two and is generally diagnosed in younger and type 2 diabetes is diagnosed at any age and has different treatment methods than type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is found in only 5% of diabetes patients and is generally a deficiency of insulin that regulates blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in childhood but sometimes can be onset in adulthood. Type 2 diabetes is more common and generally develops because your body does not respond correctly to insulin. Type 2 Diabetes can produce too low or too high insulin levels. Type 2 Diabetes is generally caused due to lack of exercise, poor diet, having an unhealthy weight and genetics. Insulin level for those with Type 2 Diabetes can be low, normal or high, depending on how your body responds to insulin. Your body becomes resistant to insulin and its effects. Generally in Type 2 Diabetes your body starts to become insulin resistant long before your blood sugar goes up. This is when your blood sugar gets too high or too low and sometimes can cause complications before you are diagnosed with Diabetes.

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes share much of the same symptoms but can develop in different time frames than with type 2 diabetes. Type 1 symptoms generally develop quickly over a few days to a few weeks. This is caused by blood sugar levels rising above the normal range. Earlier symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, extreme thirst and dry mouth, weight loss and increased hunger. If not diagnosed quickly a person can experience diabetic ketoacidosis, which can be life...
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