Turnaround Strategy of Railway

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History of Indian Railways
Introduced in the country in 1853 by the British.
53 kms between Mumbai and Thane
The Indian Railways (IR) has a network spread over 63,000 route kms. and 7000 stations 12 million passengers and more than 1.2 million tonnes of freight daily 40 per cent of the freight and 2- per cent of the passenger traffic in the country. 8.5 per cent of the organised employment of the country either directly or indirectly. Transport output of both passenger and freight traffic in terms of net tonne/passenger kilometre has increased six-fold since Independence

ORIGIN & DEVELOPMENT
1947 Post partition 21 railway systems----10 owned by the
GOI and balance by princely states. Total integration of
princely state railways completed by first April 1950

1951 Southern, Central and Western Railways SR,
CR&WR created

1952 Northern, Eastern and North Eastern Railways,
NR,ER&NER created

1955 South Eastern Railways, SER created

1958 North East Frontier Railways, NFR created
Contd…
1966 South Central Railways, SCR created 2002 East
Central & North Western Railways created in October

2003 South Western , West Central, North Central, South Eastern Central & East Coast Railway, SWR, WCR, NCR, SECR and ECoR created in April 2003

First Train In INDIA
LINKS
Partition of India had its own problems in the beginning
The truncated network of the North-East stood woefully incomplete and unconnected. Reason: bangladesh
Assam Rail Link project was completed in 1950 providing a meter gauge (MG) rail link to Assam The broad gauge (BG) link was extended in phases to Guwahati between 1965 and 1985. Two massive bridges on the mighty Branhmaputra at Kamakhya and Jogighopa and later extension of a BG link up to Dibrugarh and Lekhapani finally made it possible to travel to the North-East undisturbed.

INDIAN RAILWAYS
Indian Railways is more than150 year old

It is largest railway system in world under one management

It is a lifeline of country

It is biggest civilian employer in the world

No strike in last 30 years in spite of 17 lakh workers

Always targeted by public during any rally, agitation etc

GENERAL
Indian Railways covers 64000 of route km along
length & width of the country

It runs 12000 trains every day

It carries 1.5 crores passengers & 17 lakhs tonnes of goods every day

It is fuel efficient system
INFRASTRUCTURE
Railways has 7500 engines,38000 coaches & about 2.5
lakhs of wagons

7000 stations & about 500 computerized passenger reservation centers

1 lakh km of track

15 lakh employee(10 lakh in Group C) including
10000 officers

6 lakh staff Qrs

Biggest township Kharagpur has 12000 qrs

SPEED
Shatabdi trains can run at maximum speed of 140 kmph

Rajdhani maxm 130 kmph

Superfast trains 110 kmph

Other mail & exp 110kmph but more stoppage

Goods train maxm 100 kmph
ORGANISATION
3 tier Management

Top :- Railway board or Ministry of Railways headed by Chairman Railway Board

Middle :- 16 zones headed by General Managers

Bottom :- 68 divisions headed by Division Railway Managers
BUDGET
Railway earns mainly from goods traffic

Daily expenditure is about Rs100cr (42% staff, 18% fuels)

Daily earnings Rs140 cr

daily loss on uneconomic branch line Rs 8 cr
Facts of Indian Railways:
Shortest Station Name:
Ib(Orissa)
Longest Station Name :
Sri Venkatanarasimhara juvariapeta(TamilNadu)
Busiest Railway Station:
Lucknow(64trainseveryday)
LongestRun(Time):
HimsagarExpress(3751kmin74hrsand55min)
Shortest Run: 
Route between Nagpur and Ajni (3km) 

Cont…
First Computerized Reservation System Started In:
 New Delhi (1986)
First Electric Train Ran On:
 3rd Feb' 1925 (between Bombay VT and Kurla)
Longest Railway Platform in the world: 
Kharagpur (2,733 ft in length)
Longest Railway Bridge:
 Nehru Setu on Sone River (10044ft in length)
Longest...
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