Trends in Hrm

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The Most Recent Trends and Emerging Values in Human Resource Management: Comparative Analysis
Rima Česynienė
Vilniaus universitetas
Saulėtekio al. 9, LT-01513, Vilnius
The article deals with the complexity of human resource
management in the context of business globalization.
The global trends in human resource management are
shaped by competitiveness, downsizing, outsourcing, more
diverse work force and an ageing population. On the contrary, the cultural differences significantly affect many
aspects of human resource management, such as recruitment
and selection, performance appraisal and compensation,
career development. The problem is in balancing the
global trends in human resource management with the
influence of national cultures. The extent to which human
resource management activities are successful across cultures will largely depend on manager’s abilities to understand
and balance other culture’s values and practices as
regards such things as the importance of work, its relationship to the whole person and to the group, how power
and status is conferred, the desirability of change, the perceived value of experience versus formal classroom management
training and other fundamental difference.. The
article explores a major challenges arising from globalization and affecting human resource management practices
in twenty – first century in the selected industrialized countries (United Kingdom, USA, Japan) and Lihtuania as the
representative country of the post-soviet bloc. The article
shows that the process of globalization and the development
of international companies unify human resource
management and at the same time underscore the importance
of national cultural values. In this way the international
companies reconcile two contrary goals: employees
accept the dominant organizational values, and at the
same time they are encouraged to exploit their national
cultural differences.
The general aim of the article – analyze the...
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