Transition to Democracy

Page 1 of 16

Transition to Democracy

By | Feb. 2011
Page 1 of 16
CRITICALLY ASSESSING SOUTH AFRICA’S
TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY

By

By Zaahir Samodien

Date: 20 April 2004

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. BACKGROUNDPage 1

2. ASSETS SINCE TRANSITIONPage 1

1. Deepening of democracyPage 1

2. GovernancePage 1

3. Building of the EconomyPage 2

4. International / African PartnershipsPage 3

5. Social ImprovementsPage 4

6. TourismPage 5

3. LIABILITIES SINCE TRANSITIONPage 5

1. Increase in Absolute PovertyPage 5

2. UnemploymentPage 6

3. Crime and CorruptionPage 7

4. HIV /AIDSPage 7

5. LandlessnessPage 8

6. Administrative InefficienciesPage 8

4. CONCLUSIONPage 9

5. BIBLIOGRAPHYPage 9

 
1.BACKGROUND

During the rule of the apartheid government, society was divided along racial lines. The government deliberately promoted the impoverishment of the black majority and they were denied all possibility of enjoying a decent standard of living. The country was economically isolated due to international sanction. Growth had declined below 15 per annum for the period before 1994. The police and justice systems violated most human and civil rights. It was used by the state as an instrument to defend apartheid. Political violence, killings and bombings were frequent. Governance by largely defined by national security policies. The social of the country was torn apart by apartheid and social conflict. (South African Government, 2004)

2.ASSETS SINCE TRANSITION

1. Deepening of democracy

The extent and foundation of South Africa’s democracy is encapsulated in the constitution of the country. Features included in the constitution are common citizenship, equality, democratic system of government; a bill of fundamental human...