ToK Final Essay

Topics: Ethics, Philosophy, Scientific method Pages: 44 (1387 words) Published: March 10, 2014

 

 

 

The traditional TOK diagram indicates four ways of knowing. Propose the inclusion of a fifth way of knowing selected from intuition, memory or imagination, and explore the knowledge issues it may raise in two areas of knowledge.

 
The
 study
 of
 Theory
 of
 Knowledge
 (TOK)
 indicates
 four
 distinct
 ways
 of
 knowing:
 
sense
 perception,
 emotion,
 reason
 and
 language;
 however,
 in
 this
 essay
 I
 will
 argue
 
for
 the
 inclusion
 of
 intuition
 as
 a
 fifth
 way
 of
 knowing.
 Intuition
 is
 that
 moment
 of
 
enlightenment
 that
 is
 unexpected
 in
 which
 something
 is
 revealed
 to
 give
 one
 a
 
greater
 understanding
 on
 a
 problem
 or
 puzzle
 or
 issue
 of
 concern
 that
 is
 perplexing.
 
A
 knowledge
 issue
 worth
 examining
 in
 relation
 to
 the
 role
 intuition
 plays
 in
 these
 
areas
 of
 knowledge
 is:
 How
 does
 intuition
 lead
 to
 knowledge
 acquisition
 in
 the
 
natural
 sciences
 and
 in
 ethics?
 
 
 

 
Personal
 intuitive
 insight
 has
 to
 be
 in
 some
 form
 of
 communication
 which
 conforms
 
to
 requirements
 of
 public
 knowledge,
 natural
 sciences
 conforming
 to
 scientific
 
method
 to
 test
 the
 truth,
 ethics
 examining
 its
 ethical
 structure
 to
 test
 to
 what
 extent
 
our
 personal
 insight
 can
 be
 applied
 to
 public
 knowledge.
 One
 may
 ask,
 “why
 is
 
intuition
 valuable
 as
 a
 way
 of
 knowing?”
 The
 brilliance
 of
 intuition
 is
 such
 that
 it
 
occurs
 without
 seeming
 to
 have
 a
 structural
 basis.
 It
 is
 not
 consciously
 premeditated
 
thinking;
 it
 is
 that
 moment
 of
 revelation
 of
 the
 thinking
 inside
 the
 mind,
 acquired
 
from
 a
 range
 of
 experiences,
 which
 culminates
 in
 that
 moment
 of
 intuitive
 insight.
 
Intuition
 represents
 a
 thinking
 outside
 structured
 knowledge—the
 ability
 to
 explore
 
possibilities
 rather
 than
 thinking
 “within
 the
 box.”
 After
 that
 “Eureka!”
 moment,
 we
 
test
 the
 validity
 of
 the
 intuitive
 idea
 in
 order
 to
 determine
 its
 validity
 as
 justified
 
true
 belief
 or
 knowledge.
 In
 order
 to
 verify
 intuitive
 thoughts,
 the
 four
 other
 ways
 of
 
knowing
 can
 be
 applied
 to
 verify
 whether
 intuition
 can
 be
 justified.
 
 
 

 
Intuition
 operates
 in
 conjunction
 with
 and
 independently
 from
 the
 four
 traditional
 
ways
 of
 knowing.
 Like
 other
 forms
 of
 knowing,
 intuition
 demands
 examination
 to
 
test
 the
 truth
 or
 accuracy
 of
 its
 conclusion.
 I
 am
 going
 to
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