To what extent was the League of Nations a success?
In 1914 war broke out in Europe. The war ended in 1918 and Germany solely blamed. The end of the war was signed with the treaty of Versailles. From the war was born the League of Nations; who helped nations resolve disputes peacefully without going to war. When the League was formed, the defeated nations were not invited to join. The League originally had forty-two members. All forty-two members made up the assembly, who met once a year. As incidents occurred more often there was a smaller group of nations who made the council. The council had four permanent members Britain, France, Italy and Japan. From the beginning the league had a major weak point, which was the USA’s refusal to join, ironically it was Woodrow Wilson’s idea to form the League of Nations.
Most of the League’s successes were in the 1920’s, mainly problems to do with territory. In 1921 the League was invited to settle a dispute between Finland and Sweden. In between the countries were the Aaland Islands; both countries claimed the land belonged to them. The league awarded Finland the land, this was a success; moreover a lucky decision. In 1922-3, the League helped Austria and hungry rebuild their economy. The league succeeded in this situation, as it took effective actions quickly. In 1925 the League had success in the Greek-Bulgarian dispute. Was the league a success overall? The league did have successes with small nations and did prevent war.
The league had theoretically started failing when the USA refused to join. The USA was the most powerful country in the world at the time. In 1923, the league was faced with a dilemma. Five Italian surveyors were shot on the Greek side of the border. The league was feeble and unfair in their actions and asked Greeks to accept the demands in order for Italian forced to withdraw their army from Corfu. In 1921 votes took place in Upper Silesia for which country, Germany or Poland, would take...
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