To Autumn - John Keats

Topics: Poetry, Stanza, Ode to a Nightingale Pages: 3 (920 words) Published: May 17, 2013
To autumn: A critcal analysis

In his ode, „To Autumn“, the speaker experiences the beauty of autumn in its fullest way. What makes this ode so profound is the use of certain words which create a unique atmosphere and of course the clear structure which makes it easy to understand. The poem is an ode that contains three stanzas, each stanza has got eleven lines. Obviously, there is a change of pattern which makes this odes even more interesting. The rhyme scheme of the first stanza is: ABABCDEDCCE while the rhyme scheme of the last two stanzas is: ABABCDECDDE. As one can see, Keats creates the first four lines of each stanza equally. After that, he changes the scheme. Furthermore in line 15, third stanza, the word “wind” has to be pronounced differently so that it rhymes with the word “find” two lines earlier. All these little disharmonies create a certain atmosphere through the poem. In the beginning the speaker describes autumn as the “season of mists” which slowly builds up the melancholic atmosphere. This atmosphere continues through the whole ode. One can’t read this ode without creating certain images. For example, there’s the wonderful sun of autumn which helps the flowers to grow again so that the bees can continue their work (“And still more, later flowers for the bees”). By that Keats expresses the importance of autumn for the whole nature and the process of certain goods. So the speaker clearly glorifies autumn. In the second stanza it becomes even clearer. In the second stanza the speaker describes autumn as a goddess (“Thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind” l. 15) who came to the land to guard the processes on earth. Again, because the speaker personalises autumn, there’s a certain magic which makes this ode so powerful and yet so melancholic. It seems as if the time stands still while the speaker tells us about the beauty of the goddess autumn. This shows the authors passion and intelligence to use exactly the right words so that he...
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