Improving value and effectiveness within an organization
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Table of Contents
Five-Factor Model of Personality
Time Management Personality Types
Time Use Efficiency and the Five-Factor Model of Personality
5 The effect of time-management training on employee attitude and behavior: A field experiment
Time management is a very important characteristic in management studies. I choose this as my topic of discussion to gain a more in-depth understanding of its role within the work place, as it is viewed as one of the fundamental factors in the success or failure of an organization. As time management aims to improve efficiency, I intend to review the theory on time use efficiency and the five-factor model of personality presented by William E. Kelly and Judith Johnson and the experiment by Christopher Orpen on the various effects of time management training on employees and personality types demonstrated by the five-factor model. Problem Identification
Time management is a practiced skill, which is learned and maintained through use. The problem that arises is that time use efficiency practices can be applied to all individuals, but the results produced are dependent on personality types. Five-Factor Model of Personality
The core personality types that are demonstrated through the Five-Factor model of personality are noted by Cherry are as follows: 1. Openness to experience (imagination and insight, curiosity, and intellectualism), 2. Conscientiousness (high levels of thoughtfulness, impulse control, planning, and organization), 3. Extraversion (sociable, outgoing and high amounts of emotional expressiveness), 4. Agreeableness (trust, altruism, empathy and prosocial behaviours), and 5. Neuroticism (psychological maladjustment and more experiences of unpleasant emotions such as anxiety, moodiness, irritability, and sadness). Time Management Personality Types
Behaviors stem from both underlying personality traits as well as situational variables; Individual characteristics of personalities vary and can show a variety of personality traits (Cherry). Keeping the above personality traits in mind, time management personalities have also become evident in the work force. The time management personalities, which have evolved over time, can be divided into six types as noted by Vennapoosa (2006):
1. “Fire Controller” – Everything is viewed as an emergency and will fail to dedicate the enough time and energy to important tasks. Work tends to pile up as they try to navigate through the emergencies, which present themselves, which may cause important tasks to de disregarded. 2. “Too Much” – Takes on more work than are able to handle and have a hard time saying “no”; This in turn creates a strenuous workload which provides little time to focus on any one thing. 3. “Laid Back” – Often procrastinating and misjudge the importance of tasks. Delayed in responsiveness and hard to communicate with. 4. “Chatter Box” – Highly social, wastes time talking and distract others from important tasks. 5. “Perfectionist” – Thrive on being perfect, occasionally spend too much time trying to perfect tasks that they miss deadlines. 6. “The General” – A leader in time management, limit amount of time socializing, use time wisely for appropriate tasks.
“The General” is the ideal time management work personality as it incorporates all of the negative personality types but in moderation. The possibility that all...
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