Three Principles/Techniques of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Which Are Thought to Help It Be an Effective Therapy.

Topics: Behaviorism, Psychology, Behavior Pages: 3 (1008 words) Published: January 6, 2013
This essay will consist of a brief description of three principles or techniques of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy which help it be an effective therapy. It will also describe the cognitive perspective on client problems. Based off of a philosophical background the cognitive behavioural model was formed and can be defined as “A broad set of approaches to improving adaptive and emotional functioning based on theories of learning and behaviour change.” (Westbrook, Kennerley & Kirk 2008). Additionally, this psychotherapy takes into account the negative prototypes of thinking and/or behaviour that can be the cause of a person’s worries, and attempts to adjust their frame of mind (Mind, 2001). It is commonly believed amongst theorists that the learning theory is at the basis of CBT. The assumption is that environments influence behaviour and learning is central to both, adaptive and maladaptive behaviours, forming a platform to teach more efficient functioning. Emotional responses are supposedly what shape people’s viewpoint about their atmosphere and events taking place in and around it (Westbrook, Kennerley & Kirk, 2008). Firstly, this essay will present a brief outline of the theoretical foundations of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. This will then be followed by an evaluation of the behavioural model, Socratic questioning and the ABCs of CBT. Westbrook and others (2008) state that the behavioural model is one of the main principles of CBT. Supported by theories of change and learning, the aim of this model is to improve adaptive and emotional performance around the basis that “behaviour is learnt, and can therefore be unlearnt, or reconditioned…” (Memiah Ltd. 2012) There is an emphasis on the hypothesis that it is a person’s thoughts and feelings that influence behaviour (Westbrook, Kennerley & Kirk, 2008). The conceptual framework of the behavioural model describes features that may have an effect on the stability of behaviour and by examining systems of behaviour...
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