Thoery Textiles

Topics: Fiber, Animal fiber, Fibers Pages: 6 (806 words) Published: December 4, 2012
Theory Project 1

Natural and Manufactured fibres

by- Ama Bona Owusu 12MC

What are natural fibers?

Natural fibers are any hair like raw material that can be directly accessible from an animal, vegetable, or mineral source (plants) and an be changed into non-woven fabrics such as felt or paper or,a woven cloth when it has been span into yarns.

When natural fibers can be discussed further and can be refereed to as agglomeration of cells in which the diameter is negligible in comparison with the length.

The different types of Natural Fibers...

Animal fibers are natural fibers that consist largely of particular proteins. Examples are silk, hair/fur (including wool) and feathers. The animal fibers are the popular being used commonly both in the manufacturing world as well as by the hand spinners are wool from domestic sheep and silk. One of the most popular animal fiber is Angora. There are two types of angora: Mohair(which is made from angora goat) and Angora Rabbit Hair(which is made form Angora Rabbit).

Cellulose Fibers are fibers from some plant or plant based materials and they are usually categorized by the part of the part the plant that is being used which is: seed, stem, and leaf. |Fiber |Source |Advantages |Disadvantages |End -Uses | |Cotton |Cotton Plant |soft handle |creases easily |Household linen, curtains and towels. | | | |good drape |dries slowly |Shirts, underwear, trousers and jeans | | | |very absorbent |Can weaken if exposed to a lot of sunlight |Work wear, tents, awnings and sewing thread.. | | | |durable |Catches fire easily | | | | |cool to wear |Soils easily | | | | |can be washed and ironed | | | |Linen |Flax Plant |fresh and cool to wear |creases badly |Household linen, tablecloths, curtains and tea| | | |very absorbent dries quickly |stiff handle |towels | | | |good drape |Stains easily |Shirts, Skirts and suits | | | |durable |Does not hold shape well |Ropes, sewing thread, geotextiles. | | | |can be washed and ironed | | | |Ramie | | |...
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